Port Arthur, Siege of

   A costly but important Japanese victory in the Russo-Japanese War. Indecisive Russian command failed to halt the landing of Japan’s Second Army on the Liaotung Peninsula from May 5–19, 1904. General Oku Yasukata skillfully directed the Japanese advance and defeated the Russians guarding the narrow isthmus at Nanshan on May 25, which isolated Port Arthur. After the battle, Oku led his army north to engage the main Russian army, while the Third Army commanded by General Nogi Maresuke, who had captured Port Arthur 10 years earlier in the Sino-Japanese war, landed at Dalny, east of Port Arthur, and advanced on Port Arthur.
   Russian commanders made little effort to interfere with Nogi, and reinforcements by the end of July had built his force to 80,000 soldiers and 474 artillery pieces. The Japanese began probing Russian defenses in July and launched their first assault on August 7. This and successive assaults suffered heavy casualties, forcing Nogi to proceed cautiously and build extensive siege works. The key Russian position on 203 Meter Hill did not fall until December 5, but afterwards Japanese artillery on that hill shelled the city regularly. Russian General Anatolii M. Stessel surrendered the city and its garrison of 32,000 soldiers and sailors on January 2, 1905, despite ample stocks of food and munitions. Russia suffered 31,000 casualties during the siege, and Japan suffered 59,000 casualties.
   See also <>.
    Jukes, Geoffrey. The Russo-Japanese War, 1904–5. Oxford: Osprey, 2002;
    Warner, Denis, and Warner, Peggy. The Tide at Sunrise: A History of the Russo-Japanese War, 1904–1905. London: Frank Cass, 2002.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Siege de Port-Arthur — Siège de Port Arthur Siège de Port Arthur Port Arthur en 1912 Informations générales Date mai 1904 début 1905 Lieu Port Arthur Issue Vict …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siège de Port Arthur — Port Arthur en 1912 Informations générales Date mai 1904 début 1905 Lieu Port Arthur Issue Vict …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siège de Port-Arthur — 38°48′45″N 121°14′30″E / 38.8125, 121.24167 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Port Arthur — Port Arthur, 1) Stadt im Distrikt Algoma der kanad. Provinz Ontario, an der kanadischen Pacificbahn und an der Thunderbai des Obern Sees, mit Dampferverbindung nach Milwaukee, Chicago u. a., Docks, Handel in Holz, Erz und (1901) 3214 Einw. 2)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port Arthur —    Port Arthur is the former name of the port city of Lüshun at the tip of China’s Liaodong Peninsula in Liaoning Province, approximately 30 kilometers south of the city of Dalian. Port Arthur takes its name from Royal Navy Lieutenant William C.… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Port-Arthur — (auj. Lüshun, en jap. Ryûjun) port de Chine (Liaoning), au sud de l anc. Mandchourie; 150 000 hab. env. Cédé aux Russes en 1898 (territoire à bail), il fut pris par les Japonais en 1905 après un siège célèbre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Siege of Port Arthur — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Siege of Port Arthur partof=the Russo Japanese War caption=Russian 500 pound shell exploding near the Japanese siege guns, near Port Arthur date=30 July 1904 to 2 January 1905 place=at modern Lüshunkou, China… …   Wikipedia

  • Port Arthur (Tasmanie) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Port Arthur. 43° 09′ 00″ S 147° 51′ 00″ E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Port Arthur massacre (China) — The Port Arthur massacre purportedly occurred during the First Sino Japanese War on 21 November 1894, when advanced elements of the First Division of the Japanese Second Army under command of the one eyed General Yamaji Motoharu (1841 1897) are… …   Wikipedia

  • Port-Arthur — Lüshunkou Lǚshùnkǒu · 旅顺口 Pays Chine Statut administratif …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.