Mackinder, Sir Halford

   A geographer, theorist of Britain’s world role, and a prominent supporter of British imperialism. A polymath, Mackinder studied both modern history and the sciences at Oxford before becoming active in the University extension movement, which attempted to make university-level education more widely available. Interest in geography was considerably heightened in the late nineteenth century by the expansion of the British Empire. After delivering an influential lecture to the Royal Geographical Society, Mackinder was appointed to the first position in geography at Oxford, and went on to play an important role in establishing geography as an academic discipline there and elsewhere.
   Originally a Liberal Imperialist in politics, Mackinder was converted to the cause of imperial preference, and became a Conservative, sitting as Tory Member of Parliament for a Glasgow constituency from 1910 to 1922. Mackinder’s most influential work was Britain and the British Seas of 1902, which surveyed British history in the light of the country’s maritime position. Britain and the British Seas concluded that Britain, as the center of the global capitalist system and the world’s major creditor nation, would have to remain a strong naval and military power. In making the argument that British capitalism required an empire, Mackinder anticipated by a couple of months the more famous but parallel argument of J. A. Hobson that capitalism caused imperialism; the differences between the two men were as much moral as analytical, both holding that capital export was central to imperialism. Mackinder was also known for arguing that the power that dominated the “world island” of Eurasia would dominate the world, an intellectual articulation of the old rationale for Britain’s traditional balance-of-power policy of opposing potential European hegemons.
   See also <>; <>.
    Blouet, Brian W. Halford Mackinder: A Biography. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1987;
    Mackinder, H. J. Britain and the British Seas. London: William Heinemann, 1902.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Mackinder, Sir Halford John — ▪ British political geographer born Feb. 15, 1861, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, Eng. died March 6, 1947, Parkstone, Dorset  British political geographer noted for his work as an educator and for his geopolitical conception of the globe as divided… …   Universalium

  • Halford Mackinder — Sir Halford John Mackinder (* 15. Februar 1861 in Gainsborough; † 6. März 1947) war ein britischer Geograph und Geopolitiker. Leben Mackinder ging am Epsom College und der Christ Church …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halford Mackinder — Born 15 February 1861(1861 02 15) Gainsborough …   Wikipedia

  • Mackinder — Halford John Mackinder Halford John Mackinder Halford John Mackinder Naissance 15 février  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Halford John Mackinder — Naissance 15 février 1861 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mackinder — Sir Halford John Mackinder (* 15. Februar 1861 in Gainsborough; † 6. März 1947) war ein britischer Geograph und Geopolitiker. Leben Halford Mackinder Mackinder ging am Epsom College und der Christ Church …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mackinder — biographical name Sir Halford John 1861 1947 English geographer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mackinder —   [mə kɪndə], Sir (seit 1920) Halford John, britischer Geograph und Politiker, * Gainsborough (County Lincolnshire) 15. 2. 1861, ✝ Parkstone (County Dorset) 6. 3. 1947. Mackinder ist einer der Begründer der modernen Geographie in Großbritannien,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • geography — /jee og reuh fee/, n., pl. geographies. 1. the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth s surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil,… …   Universalium

  • geopolitics — geopolitic, geopolitical /jee oh peuh lit i keuhl/, adj. geopolitically, adv. geopolitician /jee oh pol i tish euhn/, geopolitist, n. /jee oh pol i tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. the study or the application of the influence of political and …   Universalium

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