Amiens, Treaty of

(1802)
   A treaty of peace concluded between Britain and France on March 25, 1802, bringing an end to the series of conflicts known as the French Revolutionary Wars. The terms of the treaty were more favorable toward France. France agreed to restore the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Naples) and the Papal States to their legitimate rulers but was able to retain Nice, Savoy, Piedmont, and the German territories taken on the left bank of the Rhine since 1792. Britain agreed to restore the Cape Colony in southern Africa to Holland, a French ally; Malta to the Knights of St. John, from whom Napoleon had seized the island in 1798; Tobago to Spain, another French ally; Martinique to France; and Demerara, Berbice, and Curaçao to the Dutch. In return, Britain retained only the former Spanish colony of Trinidad in the West Indies and the former Dutch possession of Ceylon in the Indian Ocean. The French made vague promises to restore or compensate the Kings of Piedmont and the Netherlands and gave general assurances that previous treaties with continental powers would be honored. Both sides viewed the peace as little more than a truce, and war resumed only 14 months later.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Grainger, John D. The Amiens Truce: Britain and Bonaparte, 1801-1803. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2004.
   GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amiens, Treaty of — (March 27, 1802) Agreement signed at Amiens, France, by Britain, France, Spain, and the Batavian Republic (The Netherlands). By the treaty, France and its allies recovered most of their colonies, despite their military reverses overseas. The… …   Universalium

  • Amiens, Treaty of —    Signed between Great Britain and France, March 25, 1802. Brought to an end the war that had lasted since 1793. Among other provisions, the Newfoundland fisheries were restored to the same position held before the war.    Index: Bk… …   The makers of Canada

  • treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… …   Universalium

  • Treaty of Amiens — Infobox Treaty name = Treaty of Amiens long name = Definitive Treaty of Peace image width = 250px caption = James Gillray, The first Kiss this Ten Years! or the meeting of Britannia Citizen François (1803) type = Peace treaty date drafted = date… …   Wikipedia

  • Amiens — French commune nomcommune=Amiens Saint Leu area in Amiens région=Picardie département=Somme arrondissement=Amiens canton= insee=80021 cp=80000 maire=Gilles Demailly mandat=2008 2014 intercomm=Communauté d agglomération Amiens Métropole… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Lunéville — The Holy Roman Empire after the Treaty of Lunéville The Treaty of Lunéville was signed on 9 February 1801 between the French Republic and the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, negotiating both on behalf of his own domains and of the Holy Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • AMIENS` —    (88), the old capital of Picardy, on the Somme, with a cathedral begun in 1220, described as the Parthenon of Gothic architecture, and by Ruskin as Gothic, clear of Roman tradition and of Arabian taint, Gothic pure, authoritative,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Mise of Amiens — Settlement between King Henry III of England and oppositional magnates Amiens Cathedral Type Settlement Signed 23 January 1264 Location Amiens …   Wikipedia

  • Siège d'Amiens — Informations générales Date 11 mars 1597 20 mars 1597 25 septembre 1597 Lieu Amiens (Somme) Issue Victoire espagnole, puis victoire française Bell …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frieden von Amiens — Der Frieden von Amiens wurde am 25. und 27. März 1802 zwischen Großbritannien auf der einen Seite und dem napoleonischen Frankreich, Spanien und der Batavischen Republik auf der anderen Seite geschlossen. Vorausgegangen war 1801 der Frieden von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.