Ireland

   Since the Middle Ages, and especially since the late sixteenth century, Ireland was an object of English rule, colonial plantation, and settlement by English and Scottish Protestants against the resistance of an Irish population that had been Catholic since the fifth century. With the Act of Union passed by the government of William Pitt the Younger in 1801, Ireland was incorporated into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and subsequently required to bear part of the burden of Britain’s serial wars against Napoleon Bonaparte.
   Until 1829, Catholics were barred from serving in parliament. This constitutional exclusion laid a political foundation for Irish nationalism, and despite Catholic Emancipation, the continuing ill treatment of the rural population by Protestant landlords gave it deep social and cultural roots. The Irish Famine of the 1840s further deepened Irish resentment, so that the Home Rule movement led by Charles Parnell starting in the 1860s enjoyed broad support, and more violent manifestations of Irish nationalism eventually prompted the Coercion Act from the British Parliament in 1881.
   In 1902, the owner of the weekly newspaper, United Irishman, founded a political organization dedicated to Ireland’s complete independence, Sinn Fein, “Ourselves Alone.” Protestants in the northern province of Ulster began to campaign to defend the Union, fearing that in a sovereign Ireland they would be a small and hated minority. William Gladstone ’s successive attempts at Home Rule failed, and Irish nationalist stepped up agitation during World War I, climaxing in the Easter Rebellion of 1916 by the Irish Republican Brotherhood.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Foster, R. F. Modern Ireland, 1600–1972. New York: Penguin, 1989;
    Norman, E. R. A History of Modern Ireland. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1971.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ireland — • Ireland lies in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain . . . Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ireland     Ireland     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ireland — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andy Ireland (* 1930), US amerikanischer Politiker Clifford C. Ireland (1878–1930), US amerikanischer Politiker David Ireland (* 1927), australischer Schriftsteller Doug Ireland (* 1945), US amerikanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ireland [1] — Ireland (spr. Eierländ), 1) so v.w. Irland; 2) Insel der Bermudasgruppe, s.d.i.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ireland [2] — Ireland (spr. Eierländ), 1) John, geb. in Shropshire, war Anfangs Uhrmacher, dann Kunsthändler in London u. st. 1808 (1809) in Birmingham;[55] er gab heraus: Malerische Reise durch Holland u. Belgien, Lond. 1789 f., 2 Bde.; Hendersons Biographie… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ireland — (spr. airländ), John, römisch kath. Geistlicher, geb. 11. Sept. 1838 zu Burnchurch in Irland, wurde für den geistlichen Beruf in Saint Paul (Minnesota) und in Frankreich vorgebildet, 1861 zum Priester geweiht, 1875 Koadjutor des Bischofs von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ireland — This article is about the island. For the sovereign state of the same name, see Republic of Ireland. For the constituent country of the United Kingdom, see Northern Ireland. For other uses, see Ireland (disambiguation). Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Ireland — Irelander, n. /uyeur leuhnd/, n. 1. John, 1838 1918, U.S. Roman Catholic clergyman and social reformer, born in Ireland: archbishop of St. Paul, Minn., 1888 1918. 2. Also called Emerald Isle. Latin, Hibernia. a large western island of the British …   Universalium

  • Ireland AM — infobox television show name = Ireland AM format = Breakfast News Program picture format = 14:9 runtime = 180 Minutes (3 hours) starring = Co hosts Mark Cagney Sinead Desmond News Elaine Crowley Sport Aidan Cooney Weather Alan Hughes country=… …   Wikipedia

  • Ireland — Pour l Irlande, voir Irlande (île) et Irlande (pays).  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Ireland est le patronyme de : Brian Ireland (né en 1980) batteur de rock Doug… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ireland — geographical name 1. (or Latin Hibernia) island W Europe in the Atlantic, one of the British Isles area 32,052 square miles (83,015 square kilometers); divided between Ireland (republic) & Northern Ireland 2. (or Eire) country occupying major… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ireland — noun /ˈaɾlənd,ˈaɪrlənd,ˈaɪə.lənd,ˈaɪɚ.lənd/ a) A large island in northwest Europe. b) A country occupying the majority area of the island of Ireland (Northern Ireland is in the north east). Also known as the Republic of Ireland, in ord …   Wiktionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.