Confederation of the Rhine

   A puppet state created by Napoleon I after his abolition of the Holy Roman Empire. It was in effect a new constitutional arrangement for 16 states and territories of western Germany following on Napoleon’s military successes at Ulm and Austerlitz in 1805. The Act of Confederation, established by a treaty signed in Paris on July 17, 1806, made some 8 million Germans subjects of the French Empire and bound states such as Baden, Bavaria, Hesse-Darmstadt, and Württemberg to assist in the creation of an army of 63,000 men for their collective defense. The Confederation disintegrated after Napoleon’s defeat at Leipzig in 1813 and the withdrawal of French forces.
   See also <>; <>.
    Rose, J. Holland. The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era, 1789-1815. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1935.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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