Act of Union

(1801)
   Passed in 1800 by the administration of William Pitt the Younger in reaction to the Irish rebellion of 1798, the Act of Union created a unitary state with a single Parliament on the model of the Scottish union of 1707, from what had been the two formally separate states sharing a single monarch.
   If Ireland is seen as the first British colony, then the Act of Union represented the only attempt in British history to solve the problem of colonial government by directly absorbing the colony into the metropolitan political system. Although the Union was apparently successful in the short term, many - although by no means all - Irish were never happy with their formally equal, but in many ways subordinate, status in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. As Catholic emancipation and the reforms of the nineteenth century enfranchised the Catholic majority in Ireland, pressure for Irish self-government, or Home Rule, grew.
   FURTHER READING:
    Foster, R. F. Modern Ireland. London: Allen Lane, 1988.
   MARK F. PROUDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Act of Union — may be an act that refers to:In the United Kingdom: * Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542, passed by the Parliament of England, annexing Wales to the Kingdom of England are sometimes known as the Acts of Union . *Act of Union 1652‎, (more commonly known …   Wikipedia

  • Act of Union — Union Un ion (?; 277), n. [F., from L. unio oneness, union, a single large pearl, a kind of onion, fr. unus one. See {One}, and cf. {Onion}, {Unit}.] 1. The act of uniting or joining two or more things into one, or the state of being united or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Act of Union — steht für: Act of Union 1536 1542, ein überholter Sprachgebrauch für die Einbeziehung von Wales in den Rechtsraum von England Act of Union 1707, eine gesetzliche Vereinbarung zwischen England und Schottland Act of Union 1800, eine gesetzliche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Union 1800 — The phrase Act of Union 1800 (or sometimes Act of Union 1801) ( ga. Acht an Aontais 1800) is used to describe two complementary Acts [ [http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/SearchResults.aspx?TYPE=QS Title=union Year=1800 Number= LegType=All+Legislation… …   Wikipedia

  • Act of Union 1707 — Georgskreuz (England) Andreaskreuz (Schottland) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Union 1840 — The Act of Union (3 4 Vict. c. 35) passed in July 1840 and proclaimed February 10, 1841, abolished the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada and established a new political entity, the Province of Canada to replace them. This act… …   Wikipedia

  • Act of Union 1800 — Der Act of Union 1800 war die Vereinigung des Königreiches Großbritannien (durch die Act of Union 1707 eine Vereinigung der Königreiche England und Schottland) mit dem Königreich Irland zum Vereinigten Königreich von Großbritannien und Irland auf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Union 1536 — Die Gesetze zur Eingliederung von Wales 1535–1542, oft auch als Act of Union[1] bezeichnet, bedeuteten keine Vereinigung, sondern die Eingliederung von Wales in den Rechtsraum von England. Wales wurde dabei in dreizehn Grafschaften unterteilt.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Union and Security — The Act of Union and Security (Swedish: Förenings och säkerhetsakten) was proposed by king Gustav III of Sweden to the assembled Estates of the Realm during the Riksdag of 1789. It was a document, adding to the Swedish Constitution of 1772 new… …   Wikipedia

  • Union Flag — Union Jack[1] Vexillologisches Symbol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ACT And Southern NSW Rugby Union — L ACT and Southern NSW Rugby Union est l’entité responsable du rugby à XV dans l’État australien du Territoire de la capitale australienne (ACT) et dans celui des régions du sud de la Nouvelle Galles du Sud. L’ACT où est située la capitale… …   Wikipédia en Français

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