Balfour, Arthur J.


Balfour, Arthur J.
(1848–1930)
   Arthur J. Balfour, First Earl Balfour of Wittinghame, was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1902 to 1905 in succession to his uncle Lord Salisbury, and later Foreign Secretary under David Lloyd George from 1916 to 1919.
   Known for his air of aristocratic languor, Balfour was a skilled Commons debater, and also a noted philosopher. Briefly associated with the populist Tory “fourth party” in the early 1880s, he joined Salisbury’s cabinet in 1886. In 1887, he was given the demanding job of Irish Secretary, where his stern law-and-order Unionism earned him the sobriquet “bloody Balfour.” In 1891, he became leader in the Commons as First Lord of the Treasury - the Prime Minister being in the Lords - a role in which he continued when the Tories were in office until he succeeded to the Premiership in 1902.
   Balfour’s premiership is primarily memorable for divisions within the Unionist party, chiefly over imperial tariff policy. Following the massive Liberal victory of December 1905, he led the Conservative opposition until 1911, and against his own party’s diehards, favored a compromise over the Parliament Act of that year. During World War I, Balfour joined Liberal Prime Minister H. H. Asquith ’s coalition ministry of 1915 as First Lord of the Admiralty, after the departure of Winston Churchill as a result of the Dardanelles disaster. He moved to the Foreign Office when his old adversary Lloyd George became Premier in December 1916. As Foreign Secretary he did much to solidify U.S. support for the allied war effort, but he is chiefly remembered for the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which expressed approval for the idea of Jewish homeland in Palestine, as a means of attracting Jewish support for the western side in the war. He played a role secondary to Lloyd George at the Paris peace conference of 1919.
   At the Imperial conference of 1926, Balfour negotiated with the settlement Dominions the agreement formalized in the Statute of Westminster of 1931, by which the independent Dominion governments were recognized as governments of the Crown equal in status to that at Westminster. The Statute of Westminster marked the final transformation so far as the settler states were concerned of the British Empire into the British Commonwealth of Nations.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Dugdale, B.E.C. Arthur James Balfour, First Earl Balfour. 2 vols. London: Hutchinson, 1936;
    Rasor, E. L. Arthur James Balfour: Historiography and Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998.
   MARK F. PROUDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BALFOUR, ARTHUR JAMES, EARL OF° — (1848–1930), British statesman, signatory of the balfour declaration . In 1902, he became prime minister, but was defeated in the general election of 1905. He returned to Asquith s coalition as first lord of the admiralty in 1915 and served as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Balfour, Arthur James Balfour, 1st earl of, Viscount Traprain — ▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born July 25, 1848, Whittinghame, East Lothian, Scot. died March 19, 1930, Woking, Surrey, Eng.  British statesman who maintained a position of power in the British Conservative Party for 50 years; he was prime… …   Universalium

  • Balfour, Arthur James Balfour, Earl of — (1848–1930)    British statesman and Zionist. In 1906, Dr Chaim WEIZMANN, then lecturer in chemistry at Manchester University, was introduced to the Tory Opposition leader, Arthur Balfour. In explaining to him the historical roots of Zionism,… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Balfour,Arthur James — Bal·four (bălʹfo͝or , fôr , fōr ), Arthur James. First Earl of Balfour. 1848 1930. British prime minister (1902 1905) who later served as foreign secretary under David Lloyd George (1916 1919). In 1917 he promised British support for a national… …   Universalium

  • Balfour, Arthur James — ► (1848 1930) Político británico. Se distinguió por su enérgica represión del nacionalismo irlandés. Fue primer ministro en 1902 1906. Publicó la Declaración de Balfour y firmó el Tratado de Versalles (1919) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arthur Balfour, 1. Earl of Balfour — Arthur James Balfour, seit 1922 1. Earl of Balfour (* 25. Juli 1848 in Whittingehame, East Lothian, Großbritannien; † 19. März 1930 in Fisher s Hill nahe Woking, Surrey, Großbritannien) war ein britischer Politiker. Leben und Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur Earl of Balfour — Arthur James Balfour, seit 1922 1. Earl of Balfour (* 25. Juli 1848 in Whittingehame, East Lothian, Großbritannien; † 19. März 1930 in Fisher s Hill nahe Woking, Surrey, Großbritannien) war ein britischer Politiker. Leben und Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur James Balfour — Arthur James Balfour, seit 1922 1. Earl of Balfour (* 25. Juli 1848 in Whittingehame, East Lothian, Großbritannien; † 19. März 1930 in Fisher s Hill nahe Woking, Surrey, Großbritannien) war ein britischer Politiker. Leben und Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur James Balfour — Arthur Balfour Arthur Balfour Arthur James Balfour (25 juillet 1848 – 19 mars 1930), 1er comte de Balfour, Premier ministre du Royaume Uni et chef du parti conservateur, célèbre pour son action en tant que …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur James Balfour — Arthur James Balfour …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.