Wellesley, Richard Colley
(1760–1842)
   The eldest brother of Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington. Richard Wellesley became the second earl of Mornington on the death of his father. He served as governor-general of India from 1797 to 1805, during which time he defeated the Mahrathas and conquered Mysore, largely with his brother Arthur in command of the forces of the Crown and the East India Company. During Wellesley’s tenure, British India expanded to include the Carnatic and part of Oudh, although Wellesley’s frequent disagreements with the directors of the East India Company obliged him to return to Britain in 1805. He was appointed ambassador to Spain in 1809 and served simultaneously until 1812 as foreign secretary. From 1821–1828 and again from 1833–1834 he was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Butler, Iris. The Eldest Brother: The Marquess Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington’s Eldest Brother . London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1973;
    Severn, John K. A Wellesley Affair: Richard, Marquess Wellesley and the Conduct of Anglo-Spanish Diplomacy, 1809-1812 . Tallahassee: University Presses of Florida, 1981.
   GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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