Webster-Ashburton Treaty


Webster-Ashburton Treaty
(1842)
   A pact between the United States and Great Britain regarding the Canadian-American border, the illegal slave trade, and nonpolitical extraditions. Negotiated by U.S. Secretary of State Daniel Webster and British Minister Alexander Baring, First Baron Ashburton, the agreement was signed August 9, ratified by the U.S. Senate on August 20, and proclaimed on November 10, 1842.
   Anglo-American relations had badly frayed by 1840. The boundary between Maine and New Brunswick, and from Lake Superior to Lake of the Woods, remained unresolved. Enforcement of the ban on slave trading brought the two nations into conflict. Furthermore, the United States refused to extradite a Canadian involved in sinking a gun-running vessel on the Niagara River. By 1842, however, the two nations realized the mutual benefits of compromise. The treaty set the boundary between New Brunswick and Maine, New York and Quebec at Lake Champlain, and Lake Superior and Lake of the Woods; provided for British-American naval cooperation in pursuing slavers; and established the principle of extradition in nonpolitical criminal cases. The treaty was a boon to Anglo-American relations. In addition the United States improved the security of its northern border and gained thousands of square miles, including Minnesota’s rich Mesabi iron fields.
   See also <>; <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Jones, Howard. To the Webster-Ashburton Treaty: A Study in Anglo-American Relation, 1783-1843. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1977.
   KENNETH J. BLUME

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty — The Webster Ashburton Treaty, signed August 9, 1842, settled the dispute over the location of the Maine New Brunswick border between the United States and Canada, then a colony of Britain. It also established the details of the border between… …   Wikipedia

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty — Der Webster Ashburton Treaty (am: Webster Ashburton Vertrag) ist ein in Washington D.C. am 9. August 1842 unterzeichneter Vertrag, der den Grenzverlauf zwischen dem US amerikanischen Bundesstaat Maine und der kanadischen Provinz New Brunswick… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Webster-Ashburton-Treaty — Der Webster Ashburton Treaty (am: Webster Ashburton Vertrag) ist ein in Washington D.C. am 9. August 1842 unterzeichneter Vertrag, der den Grenzverlauf zwischen dem US amerikanischen Bundesstaat Maine und der kanadischen Provinz New Brunswick… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty — /web steuhr ash berr tn/ U.S. Hist. an agreement between the U.S. and England (1842) defining the boundary between British and American territory from Maine to present day Minnesota. [named after D. WEBSTER and A. Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton, who …   Universalium

  • Webster–Ashburton Treaty — ▪ United States United Kingdom [1842]       (1842), treaty between the U.S. and Great Britain establishing the northeastern boundary of the U.S. and providing for Anglo–U.S. cooperation in the suppression of the slave trade. The treaty… …   Universalium

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty — /web steuhr ash berr tn/ U.S. Hist. an agreement between the U.S. and England (1842) defining the boundary between British and American territory from Maine to present day Minnesota. [named after D. WEBSTER and A. Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton, who …   Useful english dictionary

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty — 1842 treaty between the United States and Britain that settled territorial disputes and established plans for suppressing the slave trade …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Webster-Ashburton-Vertrag — Der Webster Ashburton Treaty (am: Webster Ashburton Vertrag) ist ein in Washington D.C. am 9. August 1842 unterzeichneter Vertrag, der den Grenzverlauf zwischen dem US amerikanischen Bundesstaat Maine und der kanadischen Provinz New Brunswick… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Webster-Ashburton Vertrag — Der Webster Ashburton Treaty (am: Webster Ashburton Vertrag) ist ein in Washington D.C. am 9. August 1842 unterzeichneter Vertrag, der den Grenzverlauf zwischen dem US amerikanischen Bundesstaat Maine und der kanadischen Provinz New Brunswick… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ashburton Treaty —    Negotiated between Great Britain and the United States, 1842, Lord Ashburton acting for the former and Daniel Webster on behalf of the latter. Provided for the settlement of the international boundary between Maine and Canada. Of the territory …   The makers of Canada


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.