War of the Pacific


War of the Pacific
(1879–1882)
   A conflict waged by Chile against Bolivia and Peru over control of the Atacama Desert, a region rich in deposits of nitrates newly being used by the explosives industry. In 1873, Bolivia and Peru made a secret alliance to protect their access to the Atacama; in 1875 Peru seized control of Chilean nitrate companies on what it deemed to be its territory. When Bolivia followed suit three years later, the Chilean president, Anibal Pinto, declared war on both countries in April 1879. The war’s first engagements were at sea—hence its name—but after the Chilean navy had taken the Peruvian port of Callao and blockaded Bolivia’s Pacific coast, Chilean land forces marched inland and defeated a combined Peruvian-Bolivian force near Iquique. Bolivia was out the war quickly thereafter, but the Chileans were required to campaign against the Peruvian capital, Lima, to prevail. They took Lima in January 1881. The United States mediated treaties in 1883 and 1884, officially ending hostilities. Chile gained territory from both states, but Bolivia was the main loser insofar as the Treaty of Valparaiso blocked its access to the Pacific.
   FURTHER READING:
    Farcau, Bruce W. The Ten Cents War. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2000.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • War of the Pacific — This article is about the 19th century war between Bolivia, Chile and Peru. For the Pacific theatre of WW II, see Pacific War. War of the Pacific …   Wikipedia

  • War in the Pacific National Historical Park — Infobox protected area | name = War in the Pacific National Historical Park iucn category = V caption = Asan Beach, War in the Pacific National Historical Park locator x = locator y = location = Guam nearest city = Asan, Guam lat degrees = 13 lat …   Wikipedia

  • War of the Confederation — Date 1836–1839 Location Present day Bolivia and Peru Result United Restorative Army victory, dissolution of the confederation. Argentina fails to conquer Tarija …   Wikipedia

  • The War of the Worlds — War of the Worlds redirects here. For the various other adaptations, see Adaptations of The War of the Worlds. For other uses, see The War of the Worlds (disambiguation). The War of the Worlds   …   Wikipedia

  • War of the Austrian Succession — The Battle of Fontenoy by Édouard Detaille. Oil on canvas …   Wikipedia

  • The wrong war, at the wrong place, at the wrong time, and with the wrong enemy — is General Omar Bradley s famous rebuke in May 15, 1951 Congressional testimony as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the idea of extending the Korean War into China, as proposed by General Douglas MacArthur, the commander of the U.N.… …   Wikipedia

  • The Pacific (miniseries) — Infobox Film name = The Pacific image size = War mini series caption = director = Carl Franklin Tim Van Patten Graham Yost Jeremy Podeswa Tony ToSchneider, Michael. [http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117970323.html?categoryid=14 cs=1 More… …   Wikipedia

  • The War in the Air — Infobox Book | name = The War in the Air title orig = translator = image caption = 2002 edition author = H. G. Wells illustrator = cover artist = country = United Kingdom language = English series = genre = Science fiction novel publisher =… …   Wikipedia

  • War with the Newts — infobox Book | name = War with the Newts title orig = Válka s mloky translator = image caption = author = Karel Čapek illustrator = cover artist = country = Czechoslovakia language = Czech series = genre = Satirical Science fiction novel… …   Wikipedia

  • Department of the Pacific — For the United States Marine Corps Department of the Pacific, refer to the article Department of the Pacific (USMC). The Department of the Pacific was a major command (Department) of the United States Army during the 19th century. Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Queen of the Pacific — is a name or nickname of ships and places associated with the Pacific Ocean, the largest of Earth s oceans.hips* In 1852, at the height of the age of the fast clipper sailing ships, the clipper Queen of the Pacific was launched from Pembroke,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.