Wagner, Richard


Wagner, Richard
(1813–1883)
   Richard Wagner was a German composer who was controversial in his own time and beyond. Wagner wrote 13 operas, mostly with themes from Germanic mythology, among them Lohengrin, Tannhäuser, Parsifal, The Flying Dutchman, Tristan and Isolde , and The Ring of the Nibelung . Wagner is not only famous because of his compositions and an astonishing number of books and articles, but also because of his influence on German culture. According to his contemporary, Nietzsche, this influence was, in the end, malignant, incorporating reichsdeutsch nationalism and anti-Semitism. His name has appeared in connection to almost all major trends in German history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Chancellor, John. Wagner. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1978.
   MARTIN MOLL

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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