Tonkin


Tonkin
   The northernmost territory of French Indochina, part of Annam, which became the target of strong military action against China by the government of Jules Ferry in the Third French Indochina War of 1881–1885. When in May 1883, a French expedition was ambushed and wiped out by Chinese “Black Flags,” a stronger expeditionary force composed of Foreign Legion and Algerian colonial forces was sent in retaliation and, through 1884, campaigned from Haiphong into the interior to clash with the Black Flags at Tuyen Quang and then to capture Lang Son near the Chinese border. Although the heavy losses and cost of the expedition toppled Ferry’s government, French forces had prevailed by April of 1885, when China signed a treaty. The Chinese momentarily renounced the peace, but the bombardment of Hanoi and Haiphong produced a second and final peace in August 1885, whereupon Tonkin became a French protectorate .
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Quinn, Frederick. The French Overseas Empire. Westport, CA: Praeger, 2002;
    Wesseling, H. L. The European Colonial Empires 1815–1919. New York: Longman, 2004.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tonkin — (golfe du) ou Bac Bô (golfe du) golfe de la mer de Chine méridionale, situé entre les côtes du Bac Bô et du Trung Bô (Viêt nam) et l île d Hainan (Chine). Tonkin ancienne désignation européenne du nord du Viêt nam, correspondant au Bac Bô actuel …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tonkín — Forma tradicional española del nombre de esta región del norte de Vietnam: «Había conquistado [Napoleón] el sureste asiático, del golfo de Tonkín al delta del Mekong» (Fuentes Espejo [Méx. 1992]). Debe escribirse con tilde, por ser palabra aguda… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • tonkin — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. tonkinnie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} odmiana bambusa, występująca głównie w Wietnamie, Laosie i Kampuczy, cechująca się dużą elastycznością, lekkością i wytrzymałością, używana do wyrobu kijków narciarskich,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Tonkin — Tonkin, Reich. so v.w. Tunkin …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tonkin — Tonkin, franz. Kolonie, s. Tongking …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tonkin — Tonkin, s. Tongking …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tonkin — Tonkin, golfo de (Bac phan) ► Región histórica de Indochina, en Vietnam del Norte, junto a China. Hanoi y Haiphong son sus principales c. Protectorado francés desde 1883, fue el principal foco antifrancés de Indochina tras la Segunda Guerra… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tonkin — [tän′kin, tän′kin′] 1. historical region and former French protectorate in NE Indochina: the N part of Vietnam 2. Gulf of arm of the South China Sea between Hainan Island & the coasts of S China & N Vietnam Tonkinese [tän′kinēz′, tän′kinēs′] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Tonkin — Le Tonkin, aussi écrit Tongkin ou Tong king, est la partie septentrionale du Viêt Nam actuel à l ouest du Golfe du Tonkin. Cette ancienne grande division territoriale du royaume de Cochinchine ou d Annam, fondée sur sa vieille capitale, est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tonkin — For other uses, see Tonkin (disambiguation). Map of Vietnam showing the conquest of the South over 900 years …   Wikipedia

  • Tonkin — Alte Karte Tonkins aus Meyers Konversationslexikon (1885 90) Als Tonkin, auch Tongking, vietnamesisch Bắc Bộ (Nordgrenze), wird der nördlichste Teil von Vietnam bezeichnet. Die Bezeichnung wurde nie offiziell durch Vietnam verwendet. Đông Kinh… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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