Thiers, Adolphe


Thiers, Adolphe
(1797–1877)
   In succession, a lawyer, journalist, historian of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era, minister of the interior under Louis Philippe, prime minister in 1836 and 1840, suppressor of the Paris Commune in 1871, and the first president of the French Third Republic. Thiers negotiated with Otto von Bismarck the terms for the peace to follow the Franco-Prussian War and was subsequently responsible for securing the German evacuation of French territory by promptly paying off the financial indemnity arising from the treaty. Thiers enjoyed the support of the Versailles Assembly as well most of provincial France in the campaign to defeat the Paris Commune, the military prosecution of which lasted from April 1 to May 28, 1871 and witnessed piles of dead ultimately numbering in the tens of thousands. The fighting killed so many anarchists and socialists that it guaranteed the moderate and bourgeois character of the Third Republic yet simultaneously became a potent symbol to the insurrectionalist left in France.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Bury, J.P.T. Thiers, 1797–1877: A Political Life. London: Allan & Unwin, 1986;
    Zeldin, Theordore. France 1848–1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Thiers, Adolphe — ▪ French statesman and historian Introduction born April 18, 1797, Marseille died Sept. 3, 1877, Saint Germain en Laye, near Paris  French statesman, journalist, and historian, a founder and the first president (1871–73) of the Third Republic.… …   Universalium

  • Thiers, Adolphe — ► (1797 1877) Estadista e historiador francés. Aunque es especialmente conocido por sus obras monumentales (Historia de la Revolución Francesa e Historia del Consulado y del Imperio), su personalidad destaca en política. Ministro del Interior en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Adolphe Thiers — Louis Adolphe Thiers President of the French Republic Co Prince of Andorra In office was Chief of Executive Power from 17 February to 30 August 1871 …   Wikipedia

  • Adolphe Thiers — Louis Adolphe Thiers Duración del mandato: 31 de agosto de 1871 24 de mayo de 1873 Antecesor en la presidencia: Louis Jules Trochu Sucesor en la presidencia: Patrice MacMahon …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adolphe Anthoard — Jean Auguste Adolphe Anthoard, né en 1807 à Lus la Croix Haute, et décédé en 1895 à Noyarey, fut maire de Grenoble. Élu maire, sur une liste républicaine, une première fois le 17 août 1848, sous les auspices de la Révolution, il fut déchu le 12… …   Wikipédia en Français

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