Sobraon, Battle of


Sobraon, Battle of
(1846)
   The final showdown of the First Sikh War fought on February 10, 1846, near the village of Sobraon. The Sikhs had constructed 3,000 yards of entrenchments in a semicircle, with each end touching the Sutlej River. Construction was shoddy, especially on the right side, as the Sikh generals practically wanted defeat. General Sire Hugh Gough, with his 15,000 troops, rightly wanted to launch the main assault against the Sikh right flank and then attack the center and left. The battle began at dawn with artillery fire for two to three hours, but the British quickly ran low of ammunition. Gough ordered an infantry charge, which was initially repulsed, but finally succeeded in pushing back the Sikh army. Because Tej Singh had removed much of the pontoon bridge that went across the Sutlej, many Sikh soldiers were forced to retreat into the river, which quickly became clogged with dead and dying men. British casualties amounted to nearly 2,300, of whom 300 were killed. The Sikhs had upwards of 8,000 casualties. The British victory at Sobraon broke the Khalsa, and fighting in the First Sikh War came to an end.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Bruce, George. Six Battles for India: The Anglo-Sikh Wars, 1845–6, 1848–9. London: Arthur Barker, 1969;
    Cook, Hugh. The Sikh Wars: The British Army in the Punjab, 1845–1849. London: Leo Cooper, 1975;
    Crawford, E. R. “The Sikh Wars, 1845–9.” In Brian Bond, ed. Victorian Military Campaigns. New York: Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, 1967;
    Farwell, Byron. Queen Victoria ’ s Little Wars. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1972.
   DAVID TURPIE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sobrāon, Battle of — ▪ Indian history       (Feb. 10, 1846), the fourth, last, and decisive battle of the First Sikh War (Sikh Wars) (1845–46). The Sikhs were entrenched on the eastern British held bank of the Sutlej River, their retreat secured by a bridge of boats …   Universalium

  • Sobraon — has several meanings*For the Punjab village and site of the concluding battle of the First Anglo Sikh War see Battle of Sobraon. *For the Australian passenger ship (and, later, naval vessel) named for the battle see Sobraon (ship) …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Chillianwala — Part of Second Anglo Sikh War …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Sobraon — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Sobraon caption= partof=First Anglo Sikh War date=February 10, 1846 place=Sobraon, Punjab result=Decisive British victory combatant1=Sikh Khalsa combatant2=British East India Company commander1=Tej… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Aliwal — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Aliwal caption= partof=First Anglo Sikh War date=January 28 1846 place=near the Sutlej river result=British victory combatant1= combatant2=Sikh Khalsa Army commander1=Sir Harry Smith commander2=Runjodh …   Wikipedia

  • Firoz Shah, Battle of — ▪ Sikh British conflict       (Dec. 21–22, 1845), conflict between the Sikhs and the British at Firoz Shah, on the Punjab Plain, northern India. It was the first of two decisive battles in the First Sikh War (Sikh Wars), 1845–46. A British force… …   Universalium

  • Bataille de Sobraon — La bataille de Sobraon Informations générales Date 10 février 1846 Lieu Sobraon, Pendjab Issue victoire décisive anglaise …   Wikipédia en Français

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • 29th Regiment of Foot — Infobox Military Unit unit name=29th Regiment of Foot caption= country=England allegiance=British Army of the United Kingdom type=Infantry branch= dates=1694 1881 specialization= command structure=British Army size= single battalion regiment… …   Wikipedia

  • Governor General's Bodyguard — For the Canadian regiment of the same name, see Governor General s Body Guard Infobox Military Unit unit name=Governor General s Bodyguard abbreviation= caption= dates= 1773 1950 country= India allegiance= British Indian Army branch= Cavalry type …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.