- Sinn Féin
- Gaelic for “ourselves alone” or “we ourselves,” Sinn Féin is a nationalist movement for Irish political and economic autonomy originating in Dublin during 1905–1907. Conceived as a nonviolent resistance to English imperial rule, by the eve of World War I, Sinn Féin transformed itself into an active political party dedicated to establishing an independent Irish parliament. Britain’s distraction with World War I became an opportunity for Irish separatists to stage an uprising during Easter 1916.Although militarily unsuccessful, the Easter Rebellion and subsequent En glish repression produced a wave of Irish nationalism that catapulted Sinn Féin to prominence. Sinn Féin coordinated and became identified with nationalist policies during the Anglo-Irish guerrilla war (1918–1921), which ended with Home Rule established in the Irish Free State. In the years after instituting dominion status and the partitioning of Ireland, Sinn Féin reorganized as the political voice of the Irish Republican Army.See also <
>.FURTHER READING:Davis, Richard P. Arthur Griffith and the Non-violent Sinn Fean. Dublin: Anvil Books, 1974;Feeney, Brian. Sinn Fean: A Hundred Turbulent Years. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.JONATHAN GANTT
Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.