Sinn Féin


Sinn Féin
   Gaelic for “ourselves alone” or “we ourselves,” Sinn Féin is a nationalist movement for Irish political and economic autonomy originating in Dublin during 1905–1907. Conceived as a nonviolent resistance to English imperial rule, by the eve of World War I, Sinn Féin transformed itself into an active political party dedicated to establishing an independent Irish parliament. Britain’s distraction with World War I became an opportunity for Irish separatists to stage an uprising during Easter 1916.
   Although militarily unsuccessful, the Easter Rebellion and subsequent En glish repression produced a wave of Irish nationalism that catapulted Sinn Féin to prominence. Sinn Féin coordinated and became identified with nationalist policies during the Anglo-Irish guerrilla war (1918–1921), which ended with Home Rule established in the Irish Free State. In the years after instituting dominion status and the partitioning of Ireland, Sinn Féin reorganized as the political voice of the Irish Republican Army.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Davis, Richard P. Arthur Griffith and the Non-violent Sinn Fean. Dublin: Anvil Books, 1974;
    Feeney, Brian. Sinn Fean: A Hundred Turbulent Years. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.
   JONATHAN GANTT

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sinn Féin — Presidente Gerry Adams Fundación 1905 Ideología política Nacionalismo irlandés, republicanismo irlandés Sede …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sinn Fein — Sinn Feiner. Sinn Feinism. /shin fayn / 1. a political organization in Ireland, founded about 1905, advocating the complete political separation from Great Britain of a unified Ireland. 2. a member of this organization. [ < Ir sinn féin we… …   Universalium

  • Sinn Féin — Partei­vorsitzender Gerry Adams …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sinn Fein — Sinn Féin [ʃiːɲ fʲeːɲ] (ir.: „wir selbst“) ist eine republikanische irische Partei. In Nordirland ist sie seit 2005 die unter den katholischen Bewohnern stärkste Partei, in der Republik Irland ist sie seit 1997 im Parlament vertreten und verfügt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sinn Fein — Sinn Féin Irlande Cet article fait partie de la série sur la Politique de l’Irlande, sous série sur la Politique Constitution …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sinn fein — Sinn Féin Irlande Cet article fait partie de la série sur la Politique de l’Irlande, sous série sur la Politique Constitution …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sinn Féin —    ‘Sinn Féin’ (Gaelic for ‘Ourselves Alone’) was founded in 1905 in pre independence Ireland by Arthur Griffith, as a revolutionary Irish nationalist movement. It was a small movement made up of enthusiasts of the ‘Celtic Revival’ (Irish… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Sinn Fein — 〈[ʃın fɛın] f.; ; unz.〉 1905 gegründete nationalistische Partei u. Bewegung in Irland [irisch, „wir allein“] * * * Sinn Féin   [ ʃɪn feɪn; irisch »wir selbst«], irische republikanische Partei; 1905 u. a. von A. Griffith gegründet, hervorgegangen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sinn Féin — (del irlandés «nosotros» o «nosotros mismos»; y no como en ocasiones se traduce de forma incorrecta, «nosotros solos») es un partido político irlandés. Si bien en sus inicios fue fundado por Arthur Griffith como partido monárquico separatista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sinn Fein — [ ʃin fein] die; <aus ir. Sinn Fein, eigtl. »wir selbst«> 1905 gegründete nationalistische Bewegung in Irland …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Sinn Féin — an Irish political party, active especially in Northern Ireland, which wants Northern Ireland to become part of the Republic of Ireland. It is sometimes called the political wing of the IRA . From the mid 1990s, Sinn Féin had an active part in… …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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