Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone
   Sierra Leone was the first British colony in Africa, aside from the coastal forts of the Gold Coast region. It was founded in 1787 under the influence of evangelical abolitionists, who wanted to resettle liberated slaves and other blacks in Africa, thereby creating “legitimate” trade as an alternative to the slave trade. The colony did not prosper, and was refounded under the Sierra Leone Company, notwithstanding its name a philanthropic enterprise, in 1791. Approximately 1,200 loyalist blacks were transported there from Nova Scotia, along with maroons from Jamaica following the 1797 rebellion. Sierra Leone became at this time the first jurisdiction in which free blacks were granted political rights.
   Zachary Macaulay, the evangelical father of T. B. Macaulay, governed the colony from 1794–1799, and is credited with making it a permanent concern. In response to concern about the expansion of French West Africa, a British protectorate for the interior region around Sierra Leone was established in 1896. As a result of Admiralty interest in using it as a naval base, Sierra Leone became a crown colony in 1808 and was used thereafter as a destination for slaves liberated from slave ships by the Royal Navy.
   FURTHER READING:
    Fyfe, C. F. A History of Sierra Leone. London: Oxford University Press, 1962.
   MARK F. PROUDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sierra Leone — Sierra Leonean /lee oh nee euhn/. /lee oh nee, lee ohn / an independent republic in W Africa: member of the Commonwealth of Nations; formerly a British colony and protectorate. 4,891,546; 27,925 sq. mi. (72,326 sq. km). Cap.: Freetown. * * *… …   Universalium

  • SIERRA LEONE — La Sierra Leone est une ancienne colonie anglaise fondée à la fin du XVIIIe siècle pour accueillir les Noirs libérés de l’esclavage. Elle a accédé à l’indépendance le 27 avril 1961 et elle est membre du Commonwealth. Elle s’étend sur une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sierra-Leone — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leone. Republic of Sierra Leone (en) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sierra-Léone — Sierra Leone Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leone. Republic of Sierra Leone (en) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sierra Léone — Sierra Leone Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leone. Republic of Sierra Leone (en) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sierra Leone — • Comprises the English colony of that name and the surrounding territory from French Guinea on the north and east to Liberia on the south Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sierra Leone     Sierra Leone …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sierra Leone — Sierra Leone, britisch westafrikan. Kolonie in Oberguinea (s. Karte bei Ark. »Guinea«), am Atlantischen Ozean, zwischen Französisch Guinea (N. und O.) und Liberia (O. und Süden), 69,700 qkm mit (1901) 76,655 Einw. (darunter etwa 450 Weiße) für… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sierra Leone — West African nation, lit. lion mountains, from Sp. sierra mountain range (see SIERRA (Cf. sierra)) + leon lion (see LION (Cf. lion)). Attested from mid 15c. in Portuguese explorers accounts, and a very early explanation of the name derives it… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sierra Leone — Sierra Leone, 1) der nördlichste District von Oberguinea (Westafrika), das Küstengebiet zwischen dem Cap Verga (10° 5 nördl. Br.) u., Cap Mesurado (6°26 nördl. Br.), im Norden von Senegambien, im Süden vom Körnerdistricte begrenzt, ostwärts ohne… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sierra Leone — Sĭerra Leōne, brit. Kolonie und Protektorat in Oberguinea, 69.700 qkm, 1.100.000 E., gut bewässert, trop. Vegetation, aber ungesundes Klima; Handel s. Beilage: ⇒ Afrika; Eisenbahnen und Telegraphenlinien (1905) 357 km; Hauptstadt Freetown. S. L …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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