Shimonoseki, Treaty of


Shimonoseki, Treaty of
(1895)
   Signed on April 17, 1895, the Treaty of Shimonoseki ended the Sino-Japanese War in which a modernized and westernized Japanese military had defeated handily the antiquated forces of the Qing Dynasty. The treaty was negotiated by Count Hirobumi Ito for the Japanese and Li Hongzhang for the Chinese, and imposed harsh terms on a defeated China. The Chinese were forced to pay an indemnity of 200 million taels of silver and to recognize the autonomy and independence of Korea, as well to cede Formosa (present-day Taiwan) and the Pescadores Islands to Japan. In addition China was to cede Port Arthur and the Liaodong Peninsula, and open new treaty ports in Shashi, Chongqing, Suzhou, and Hangzhou. The harsh terms of the treaty prompted the so-called Triple Intervention by Russia, France, and Germany, which pressured Japan to renounce its claims to Port Arthur and the Liaodong peninsula in return for a larger Chinese indemnity.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Kim, Key-Hiuk. The Last Phase of the East Asian World Order: Korea, Japan and the Chinese Empire, 1860–1882. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980;
    Morse, H. B. The International Relations of the Chinese Empire. 3 vols. New York: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1918;
    Myers, Ramon H., and Mark R. Peattie, eds. The Japanese Colonial Empire, 1895–1945. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.
   ADRIAN U-JIN ANG

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Shimonoseki, Treaty of — ▪ 1895, China Japan Chinese (Pinyin)  Maguan Tiaoyue        (April 17, 1895), agreement that concluded the first Sino Japanese War (1894–95), which ended in China s defeat. By the terms of the treaty, China was obliged to recognize the… …   Universalium

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  • Treaty ports — This article refers to ports in East Asia. For the Anglo Irish Treaty ports, see Treaty Ports (Ireland). Treaty ports were port cities in China, Japan and Korea opened to foreign trade by the Unequal Treaties.The first five treaty ports in China… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Taipei — Sino Japanese Peace Treaty (Japanese: 日華平和条約, Chinese: 中日和平條約), commonly known as the Treaty of Taipei ( zh. 台北和約) as it was signed in Taipei, was a peace treaty between Japan and the Republic of China (ROC) concluded on April 28, 1952. This… …   Wikipedia

  • Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi — Infobox City Japan Name= Shimonoseki JapaneseName= 下関市 Map Region= Chūgoku Prefecture= Yamaguchi District= Area km2= 715.83 PopDate= 2005 Population= 290,693 Density km2= Coords= LatitudeDegrees= 33 LatitudeMinutes= 57 LatitudeSeconds=… …   Wikipedia

  • Shimonoseki — /shim euh neuh say kee/; Japn. /shee maw naw se kee/, n. a seaport on SW Honshu, in SW Japan: treaty ending Sino Japanese War signed 1895. 268,964. * * * ▪ Japan  largest city, Yamaguchi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, occupying a strategic… …   Universalium

  • Treaty of Ganghwa — Infobox Korean name |300px hangul=강화도조약 hanja=江華島條約 rr=Ganghwado Joyak mr=Kanghwado Choyak The Treaty of Ganghwa, also known in Japan as Korea Japanese Treaty of Amity (Korean language 강화도조약, Japanese language: nihongo|日朝修好条規|Nicchō shūkōjōki|,… …   Wikipedia

  • shimonoseki — ˌshimənōˈsākē, ˈsekē; ˈnōsəkē adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Shimonoseki, Japan : of or from the city of Shimonoseki, Japan : of the kind or style prevalent in Shimonoseki * * * /shim euh neuh say kee/; Japn. /shee maw naw… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shimonoseki — /ʃɪmənoʊˈsiki/ (say shimuhnoh seekee) noun a seaport in Japan, on south western Honshu island; the treaty ending the first Sino Japanese War was signed there, 1895 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Bombardment of Shimonoseki — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Bombardment of Shimonoseki (下関戦争・馬関戦争) partof=1863 64 Chōshū Rebellion caption= date=July 16 to August 14, 1863 and from September 5 6, 1864 place=Shimonoseki Strait, Japan result=Decisive Allied Victory… …   Wikipedia


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