Schleswig-Holstein
   A region comprised of two of the three duchies on the lower Jutland Peninsula between Denmark and the Elbe River - the third being Lauenburg - with predominantly German-speaking populations yet subject to Danish rule for centuries. Holstein was given to the German Confederation in 1815 as punishment for Denmark’s alliance with Napoleon Bonaparte. During the revolutions of 1848, Denmark sought to annex the duchies, but the local population resisted and was supported by Prussian troops. A conference in London in 1852 achieved a compromise among competing claims, but after the death of Frederick VII of Denmark in 1863, his successor, Christian X, whipped up Danish national enthusiasm for annexation against Austrian and Prussian counter-claims. Schleswig-Holstein thereupon became the first of the wars of German unification under Otto von Bismarck, when Austria and Prussia combined to defeat the Danes by October 1864.
   Having disposed of Denmark with Austrian help, Bismarck contrived to eliminate Austria as well. First, he set about establishing Kiel as a Prussian naval base, a provocation to Austria that was temporarily settled by the Gastein Convention giving Schleswig and Launenburg to Prussia and Holstein to Austria; he thereupon orchestrated a war with Austria by charging that its government was violating the convention by continuing to encourage competing claims to the duchies. Following the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Prussia dissolved the German Confederation and annexed Schleswig-Holstein.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Clark, Christopher. Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia, 1600–1947. Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 2006;
    Showalter, Dennis. The Wars of German Unification. London: Arnold, 2004.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schleswig-Holstein — (hierzu Karte »Schleswig Holstein«), preuß. Provinz zwischen der Nord und Ostsee, ist gebildet aus den bis 1864 zu Dänemark gehörigen Herzogtümern Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg, von denen die beiden erstern Österreich im Prager Frieden (23.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schleswig-holstein — Bundesland Schleswig Holstein (Schleswig Holstein) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN — SCHLESWIG HOLSTEI Le Schleswig Holstein constitue l’un des Länder de la république fédérale d’Allemagne. Situé entre l’Elbe, qui le sépare du Land de Basse Saxe, et la frontière du Danemark au nord, il est baigné à l’ouest par la mer du Nord et à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Schleswig-Holstein — Schleswig Holstein, preuß. Provinz [Karte: Nordwestdeutschland I, bei Hannover], gebildet aus den bis 1864 zu Dänemark gehörigen Hzgt. Schleswig, Holstein und (seit 1876) Lauenburg einschließlich Helgoland, 19.004 qkm, (1900) 1.387.968 (1905:… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN — SCHLESWIG HOLSTEIN, state of Germany. In the 17th century Danish kings, rulers of the dual duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, invited Sephardi merchants to settle there, and communities were founded in glueckstadt , Rendsburg, Friedrichstadt, and …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schleswig-Holstein — es uno de los 16 Estados federados de Alemania. * * * ► Estado del N de Alemania, en la parte S de Jutlandia; 15 727 km2 y 2 626 127 h. Cap., Kiel. Patatas, trigo y forrajes. Bovinos y porcinos. Pesca. Sal. Astilleros, fundiciones de hierro,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schleswig-Holstein — Schleswig Holstein …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schleswig-Holstein — (Slesvig Holsten) er den nordligste tyske stat, og grænser til Danmark i nord, Nordsøen i vest, Østersøen og Mecklenburg Vorpommern i øst og Niedersachsen og Hamburg i syd. Historisk omfattede Schleswig Holstein også Sønderjyllands amt. Idag har… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Schleswig-Holstein — (izg. šlèzvih hòlštajn) m DEFINICIJA geogr. njemačka pokrajina u J dijelu poluotoka Jyllanda, 15.728 km2, 2.648.500 stan., glavni grad Kiel …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Schleswig-Holstein — [schles wighōl′stīn; ] Ger [, schles wighō̂l′shtīn] state of N Germany: 6,077 sq mi (15,739 sq km); pop. 2,708,000; cap. Kiel …   English World dictionary

  • Schleswig-Holstein — Infobox German Bundesland Name = Schleswig Holstein state coa = Coat of arms of Schleswig Holstein.svg flag2 = Flag of Schleswig Holstein (state).svg capital = Kiel area = 15763.18 area source = population = 2837021 pop ref = [cite web… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”