Sarajevo


Sarajevo
   Under Ottoman rule, the administrative center of Bosnia-Herzegovina in the midnineteenth century. When Austria-Hungary occupied Bosnia and Herzegovina in the aftermath of the Congress of Berlin in 1878, the Austro-Hungarian administration was located in Sarajevo, too. The multiethnic city with large Croatian, Serbian, and Muslim communities was modernized and prospered, but conflicts between the major ethnic groups and between parts of the Slav population and Austro-Hungarian authorities could never be settled. In the aftermath of the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908, the new provincial diet was established in Sarajevo. Several political organizations that shunned parliament and tried to get rid of Habsburg rule by propaganda campaigns and political violence were active in Sarajevo. Gavrilo Princip, a member of Young Bosnia (Mlada Bosna), a group supported by the Belgrade-based Black Hand, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir apparent, Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, precipitating the July Crisis. Austria-Hungary’s leaders decided to use the assassination of Francis Ferdinand as legitimate cause for an ultimatum and finally a war against Serbia.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Malcolm, Noel. Bosnia: A Short History. New York: New York University Press, 1994;
    Strachan, Hew. The First World War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
   GUENTHER KRONENBITTER

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sarajevo —   City   City of Sarajevo Grad Sarajevo Град Сарајево …   Wikipedia

  • Sarajevo — Сарајево Sarajevo Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sarajevo — Сарајево …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SARAJEVO — (Serajevo; Turk. Bosna Serai; Heb. שראי־בוסנה),city and capital of Bosnia Herzegovina. The first Jews came to Sarajevo in the middle of the 16th century, spreading from there to smaller towns of Bosnia, e.g., travnik , Bugojno, Zenica, Tuzla,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SARAJEVO — SARAJEV Capitale de la république de Bosnie Herzégovine, Sarajevo est fondée en 1262 par le général hongrois Cotroman, mais elle s’appelle alors Bosnávar, ville de la Bosnie; elle est agrandie deux siècles plus tard, sous la domination turque au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sarajévo — (türk. Bosna Saraj), Hauptstadt Bosniens, 15 km von der Mündung der Miljačka in die Bosna sowie an der Bosna bahn (Bosnisch Brod S.) und den Staatsbahnlinien S. Mostar Gravosa und S. Uvac (mit 99 Tunnels), malerisch in einer von hohen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sarajevo — Sarajevo, con una población de 450.000 en 1991 (estimación para 2003 de 500.000), es la capital y mayor ciudad de Bosnia y Herzegovina. El centro de la ciudad se encuentra a 511 metros sobre el nivel del mar, con algunos barrios alcanzando los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sarajevo — Sarajevo, so v.w. Bosna 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sàrajevo — sr glavni grad BiH, leži u podnožju Trebevića na rijeci Miljacki …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Sarajevo — Sàrajevo sr DEFINICIJA glavni grad BiH, leži u podnožju Trebevića na rijeci Miljacki, 415.600 stan. ONOMASTIKA pr. (etnici): Sàrājčić (Slavonski Brod, Zagreb), Saràjlīć (240, Rijeka, Zagreb, Požega), Saràjlija (130, Pakrac, Novska, Zagreb)… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sarajevo — [sar΄ə yā′vō] capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the central part: pop. 416,000 …   English World dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.