Santo Domingo


Santo Domingo
   The eastern two-thirds of a Caribbean island shared with Haiti and a target for European penetration dating to the arrival of Christopher Columbus under a Spanish flag in 1492. Santo Domingo became the first permanent European settlement in Western Hemisphere and the base for the Spanish conquest of the Americas, but in 1697 Spain nevertheless recognized French dominion over Haiti. After gaining independence from France in 1804, Haiti invaded Santo Domingo and ruled it until 1844. Between 1861 and 1863, Santo Domingo returned to Spanish rule but threw it off and gained full independence in 1865. That year also marked the end of the American Civil War and the beginning of the increasing interest of the United States in the Caribbean.
   The Grant administration sought to annex Santo Domingo to secure a naval base at Samaná Bay, but the Senate rejected the annexation treaty. When in 1904 Santo Domingo, now the Dominican Republic, fell into bankruptcy and civil war, fear of European intervention moved President Theodore Roosevelt to declare the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. Annexation, however, was out of the question. “I have about the same desire to annex it,” Roosevelt note, “as a gorged boa constrictor might have to swallow a porcupine wrong-end-to.” Still, in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson sent the United States Marines to the Dominican Republic, and United States Marines occupied and administered it directly until 1924.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Cooper, John Milton, Jr. The Warrior and the Priest: Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt . Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 1983;
    McDougall, Walter A. Promised Land, Crusader State: The American Encounter with the World since 1776 . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Santo Domingo — puede referirse a las siguientes localidades: ● Santo Domingo:ciudad y capital de la República Dominicana. ● Santo Domingo:municipio del departamento de Antioquia, Colombia. ● Santo Domingo:comuna de la V Región de Valparaíso, Chile. ● Santo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Santo Domingo — (Асунсьон,Парагвай) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Acides Gonzales, Esq. O …   Каталог отелей

  • Santo Domingo — (Краков,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: Different locations in Kraków City Centre, Ст …   Каталог отелей

  • Santo Domingo — Santo Domingo, PR U.S. comunidad in Puerto Rico Population (2000): 3633 Housing Units (2000): 1115 Land area (2000): 2.141198 sq. miles (5.545678 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.141198 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Santo Domingo, PR — U.S. comunidad in Puerto Rico Population (2000): 3633 Housing Units (2000): 1115 Land area (2000): 2.141198 sq. miles (5.545678 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.141198 sq. miles (5.545678 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Santo Domingo [1] — Santo Domingo, Insel, s. Haïti; Staat, s. Dominikanische Republik …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Santo Domingo [2] — Santo Domingo, Hauptstadt der Dominikanischen Republik (s. d.), liegt auf der Südküste der Insel Haïti, unter 18°28´ nördl. Br., inmitten einer fruchtbaren Ebene (Los Llanos), an der Mündung des Ozama, auf dem nur kleinere Schiffe über die Barre… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Santo Domingo — Sȃnto Domȉngo m DEFINICIJA luka i glavni grad Dominikanske Republike, 1,6 mil. stan., pov. Ciudad Trujillo (1936 1961) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Santo Domingo — [sän′tō̂ dō̂ miŋ′gō̂; ] E [ san′tō dō miŋ′gō] 1. seaport & capital of the Dominican Republic, on the S coast: pop. 3,523,000 2. former name for the DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 3. former name for HISPANIOLA …   English World dictionary

  • Santo Domingo — This article is about the city. For other uses, see Santo Domingo (disambiguation). Santo Domingo   City   Santo Domingo de Guzmán …   Wikipedia

  • Santo Domingo — Para otros usos de este término, véase Santo Domingo (desambiguación). Santo Domingo Capital de la República Dominicana …   Wikipedia Español


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