- Association Internationale Africaine
- The first of three organizations founded by King Léopold II of Belgium ostensibly to enhance international scientific and philanthropic cooperation in opening up the interior of Central Africa. The organization was founded at the Brussels Conference of 1876 and was intended to facilitate the sharing of newly acquired knowledge of the African interior among the colonizing powers. It failed to overcome either the fundamentally competitive relationship among the members or the corruption of Belgium’s own imperial project in the Congo. It was supplemented in 1878 by the Comité d’Études du Haut-Congo and by the Association Internationale du Congo in 1881–85. The latter broke up over imperial rivalries and ultimately resulted in the Berlin Conference of 1884–85, which established rules and a semblance of order to the Scramble for Africa.FURTHER READING:Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror and Heroism in Colonial Africa . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998.CARL CAVANAGH HODGE
Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.