Roberts, Frederick Sleigh


Roberts, Frederick Sleigh
   , Earl Roberts of Kandahar and Pretoria
(1832–1914)
   A talented and popular British general, Roberts made his name fighting in India, Afghanistan, and South Africa, becoming commander-in-chief of the British Army in 1900. Roberts was commissioned into the East India Company ’s army in 1851, and won the Victoria Cross during the Indian Mutiny. He was an artillery officer who served much of his career in the quartermaster’s department, and subsequent to the abolition of native artillery units after the mutiny was absorbed into the British army. He served with Napier’s expedition to Abyssinia in 1868.
   Roberts was then appointed to command on the Punjab frontier in 1878, as tensions with Afghanistan rose. After the initial British occupation of Kabul, a temporary peace lasted until the British resident at Kabul and his aides were murdered. Roberts led an avenging force into the city, and controversially executed those held responsible for the murders. An uprising near Kandahar led Roberts to lead a picked force to defeat the Afghans and occupy that city, winning him public renown. He subsequently rose to command the Indian Army, where his chief preoccupation was the perceived danger of a Russian advance through Afghanistan. Roberts was elevated to the peerage in 1892, and left the Indian command in 1893. Following Britain’s initial defeats in the Boer War, Roberts was appointed to command there in December 1899, the same month in which his son was killed in the action that won him, like his father, a Victoria Cross. Roberts led a successful advance across South Africa, occupying Pretoria on June 5, 1900, but failing to destroy the Boer forces entirely or to capture their leaders - another two years of guerilla warfare lay ahead.
   Roberts returned to Britain to succeed Lord Wolseley as commander-in-chief of the British Army. In retirement, he led the National Service League, which campaigned for the introduction of peacetime conscription to counter the German threat. A firm Unionist, he advised the Ulster Volunteer Force and supported the refusal of many officers to serve against Ulster during the Curragh “mutiny” of 1914. He died in November 1914 while visiting troops in France.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Childers, Erkine. War and the Arme Blanche. London: E. Arnold, 1910;
    Hannah, W. H. Kipling ’ s General: The Life of Field-Marshal Earl Roberts of Kanahar. London: Lee Cooper, 1972;
    Roberts, Frederick Sleigh. Forty-One Years in India. New York: Longman, Green & Co., 1898.
   MARK F. PROUDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Roberts, Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl, Viscount St. Pierre — ▪ British field marshal also called  (from 1892) Baron Roberts Of Kandahar   born Sept. 30, 1832, Cawnpore, India died Nov. 14, 1914, Saint Omer, Fr.       British field marshal, an outstanding combat leader in the Second Afghan War (1878–80) and …   Universalium

  • Frederick Sleigh Roberts — John Singer Sargent: Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1. Earl Roberts, Öl auf Leinwand, 1906 Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1. Earl Roberts of Kandahar, Pretoria und Waterford, von den von ihm kommandierten Truppen Bobs genannt, VC, KG, KP …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1. Earl Roberts — John Singer Sargent: Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1. Earl Roberts, Öl auf Leinwand, 1906 Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1. Earl Roberts of Kandahar, Pretoria und Waterford, von den von ihm kommandierten Truppen Bobs genannt, VC, KG, KP …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Roberts — Frederick Roberts. Frederick Sleigh Roberts, primer conde Roberts de Kandahar, VC, KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, PC (Cawnpore, India, 30 de septiembre de 1832 Saint Omer, Francia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roberts [2] — Roberts, Frederick Sleigh, Graf, brit. General, geb. 30. Sept. 1832 in Irland, besetzte 1879 als Oberbefehlshaber im Afghanischen Kriege Kabul, schlug 3. Sept. 1880 Ejjûb bei Kandahar, 1881 Gouverneur von Natal, dann Befehlshaber in Madras, 1885… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Frederick Roberts, 1. Earl Roberts of Kandahar — John Singer Sargent: Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1. Earl Roberts, Öl auf Leinwand, 1906 Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1. Earl Roberts of Kandahar, Pretoria und Waterford, von den von ihm kommandierten Truppen Bobs genannt, VC, KG, KP …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Roberts — Naissance 30 septembre 1832 Cawnpore, Inde Décès 14 novembre 1914 (à 72 ans) Origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roberts —   [ rɔbəts],    1) Sir (seit 1935) Charles G. D. (George Douglas), kanadischer Schriftsteller, * Douglas (Provinz New Brunswick) 10. 1. 1860, ✝ Toronto 26. 11. 1943; lebte 1897 1925 in New York und Europa (v. a. London), danach in Toronto.… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts — Infobox Military Person name= The Earl Roberts lived= 30 September 1832 – 14 November 1914 placeofbirth= Cawnpore, India placeofdeath= St Omer, France. Buried in St Paul s Cathedral, London. caption= Lord Roberts of Kabul and Kandahar on his… …   Wikipedia


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