Assaye, Battle of
(1803)
   The fiercest encounter of the Second Anglo-Maratha War, 1803–1805. On September 24, 1803, the Maratha and the East India Company ’s forces clashed at Assaye. Sir Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of Wellington , deployed 6,900 cavalry and 4,000 infantry 34 guns. After crossing the stream Kaitna, Wellesley deployed his infantry into two lines. When the company’s infantry was 400 yards from the village of Assaye, Maratha artillery and seven infantry battalions deployed at this village opened up and caused great carnage among Wellesley’s troops. Wellesley launched a frontal bayonet charge and his infantry was able to capture Assaye. The Marathas withdrew to Ajanta Ghat leaving behind 2,000 dead and 98 guns. Casualties among the company’s forces numbered 428 killed and 1,138 wounded.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Keay, John. The Honourable Company: A History of the East India Company. New York: Macmillan, 1994.
   KAUSHIK ROY

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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