Punjab


Punjab
   The historic homeland of the Sikhs in northwestern India, bordering on Afghanistan to its west. Its eastern portion was annexed to British India as a protectorate in 1846 as result of the First Sikh War. The western Punjab was added in 1849 after the second and more bitter Sikh War. Under Dalhousie the entire Punjab now came under direct administration, as British India extended as far west as the banks of the Indus River. An Anglo-Indian force, the Punjab Irregular Force, was established and quickly acquired a reputation as an effective unit. The Punjab was conspicuously loyal during the Indian Mutiny of 1857 and, as a region, became such an important source of military recruits for the Rāj that, by 1914, it accounted for 60 percent of the Indian Army.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    James, Lawrence. Rāj: The Making and Unmaking of British India. New York: St. Martin’s, 1997.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Punjab — or Panjab, derived from the medieval Persian language meaning the land of five ( Panj ) rivers ( aab ), may refer to: Geographical regions* Punjab region, an area of South Asia spanning from eastern Pakistan to north western India ** Punjab… …   Wikipedia

  • Punjab —   [pʌn dʒɑːb],    1) Bundesstaat im Nordwesten Indiens, grenzt an die Bundesstaaten Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana und Rajasthan sowie im Westen an Pakistan, 50 362 km2, (2001) 24,29 Mio. Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Punjab — Punjab, ind. Provinz, s. Pandschab …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Punjab — (izg. Pàndžab) m geogr. 1. {{001f}}dio indogangeške nizine, u sastavu Indije i Pakistana 2. {{001f}}savezna država u SZ dijelu Indije, glavni grad Chandigarh …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Punjab — → Punyab …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Punjab — region on the Indian subcontinent, from Hindi Panjab, from Pers. panj five + ab water. So called for its five rivers. Related: Punjabi …   Etymology dictionary

  • Punjab — (izg. pàndžab) m DEFINICIJA geogr. 1. dio indogangeške nizine, u sastavu Indije i Pakistana 2. savezna država u SZ dijelu Indije, 50.362 km2, 20.190.800 stan., glavni grad Chandigarh …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Punjab — [pun jäb′; pun′jäb, pun′jab] [Hindi Panjāb, lit., (land of) five rivers < Sans panj, five + ab, river, water] 1. region in NW India & NE Pakistan, between the upper Indus & Jumna rivers: formerly a province of India, it was divided between… …   English World dictionary

  • Punjab — /pun jahb , pun jahb/, n. 1. a former province in NW British India: now divided between India and Pakistan. 2. a state in NW India. 15,230,000; 47,456 sq. mi. (122,911 sq. km). Cap.: Chandigarh. 3. a province in NE Pakistan. 37,374,000; 79,284 sq …   Universalium

  • Punjab — Der Punjab im Jahr 1909. Das direkt verwaltete Gebiet ist rosa, die Fürstenstaaten gelb eingezeichnet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Punjab — or Panjab geographical name 1. region NW Indian subcontinent in Pakistan & NW India occupying valleys of the Indus & its five tributaries; formerly a province of British India capital Lahore 2. (or East Punjab) former state NW India in E Punjab… …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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