Aboukir Bay, Battle of
(1798)
   An Anglo-French naval engagement of the Napoleonic Wars, otherwise known as the Battle of the Nile, fought on August 1, 1798. The French fleet, which had escorted Napoleon’s forces to Egypt, was caught by a British fleet under Lord Horatio Nelson lying at anchor in Aboukir Bay, 20 miles northeast of Alexandria. The French did not expect a battle and so were ill-prepared when Nelson risked shoal waters and failing light to launch an immediate attack. In all 11 of 13 French shipsof- the-line were taken or sunk by a similarly size British fleet.
   “Victory is certainly not a name strong enough for such a scene,” was Nelson’s verdict. The effect of the battle was to leave Bonaparte stranded with his army in Egypt. In the spring of 1799, he was defeated by the Turks in cooperation with a small naval force under Sir Sidney Smith and decided to abandon his Egyptian army and return surreptitiously to France. This marked the end of France’s occupation of Egypt. Because the defeat at Aboukir Bay was a naval affair, some of the glamour of the Battle of the Pyramids remained attached to Napoleon.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Lambert, Andrew D. Nelson: Britannia’s God of War . London: Faber, 2004;
    Rodger, N.A.M. The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain, 1649-1815. London: Allan Lane, 2004.
   MARK F. PROUDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of the Nile — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of the Nile partof=the French Revolutionary Wars caption= The Destruction of L Orient at the Battle of the Nile by George Arnald date=August 1 2 1798 place=Aboukir Bay, Egypt result=Decisive British… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of the Atlantic (1914–1918) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of the Atlantic partof=World War I caption= date=28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918 place=Atlantic Ocean, North Sea result=Decisive Allied Victory combatant1=navy|UK flag|Newfoundland Royal Canadian Navy… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Abukir — The Battle of Abukir or Aboukir refers to three battles fought near Abukir, Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast west of the Nile delta: * The Battle of Abukir Bay (also Aboukir Bay ), the naval battle fought on 1 August 1798 See Battle of the Nile …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Trafalgar — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Trafalgar partof=the Napoleonic Wars caption= The Battle of Trafalgar, as seen from the mizzen starboard shrouds of the Victory by J. M. W. Turner (oil on canvas, 1806 to 1808) date=21 October, 1805… …   Wikipedia

  • Order of battle at the Battle of the Nile — Battle of the Nile, Thomas Luny, 1834 The Battle of the Nile was a significant naval action fought during 1–3 August 1798. The battle took place in A …   Wikipedia

  • Nile, Battle of the — (Aug. 1, 1798) Battle between the British fleet under Horatio Nelson and French Revolutionary forces at Abū Qīr Bay, near Alexandria, Egypt. In a plan to constrict British trade routes by invading Egypt, Napoleon ordered the French fleet to sail… …   Universalium

  • Aboukir — /æbuˈkɪə/ (say abooh kear) noun a bay of the Mediterranean, on the northern coast of Egypt; Battle of the Nile (defeat of French by British), 1798. Also, Abukir …   Australian English dictionary

  • Mediterranean campaign of 1798 — Part of the French Revolutionary Wars …   Wikipedia

  • Bataille d'Aboukir (1798) — 31°20′N 30°07′E / 31.333, 30.117 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of shipwrecks — Contents 1 Africa 1.1 East Africa 1.2 North Africa 1.2.1 Algeria …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”