Primo de Rivera y Orbañeja, Miguel


Primo de Rivera y Orbañeja, Miguel
(1870–1930)
   A Spanish general and dictator who fought devotedly to prevent first the final fall of the Spanish Empire and then the fall of the Spanish monarchy. He was unsuccessful in both cases. Primo de Rivera was born in Jerez, Spain, on January 8, 1870, into a prominent military family. He joined the army in 1884 and advanced in rank through his participation in the Spanish colonial wars in Morocco, Cuba, and the Philippines in the 1890s. He became general in 1912. In 1915 he was appointed governor of Cádiz; in 1919 he became captain general of Valencia and Madrid, and then Catalonia, in 1922. In 1921, after the death of his uncle, Primo de Rivera became Marqués de Estella. From Barcelona he organized, with the approval of King Alfonso XIII and large support that included the Catalan high bourgeoisie, the trade unions, and the latifundistas, a military coup d’état that took place on September 13, 1923, ending the turno system under which the leading political parties took turns in power. He had married Casilda Sáenz de Heredia in 1902. She died in 1908 after bearing him six children. The first born, José Antonio, would become the founder of the Falange Española, Francisco Franco’s eventual political base. His sister Pilar ran the women’s section of the Falange and is known to have said that, “there is nothing more detestable than an intellectual woman.” José Antonio and his brother Fernando were taken prisoners and executed in the first year of the Spanish Civil War.
   FURTHER READING:
    Ratcliff, Dillwyn F. Prelude to Franco: Political Aspects of the Dictatorship of General Miguel Primo de Rivera . New York: Las Americas, 1957.
   GEORGIA TRES

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja,Miguel — Pri·mo de Ri·ve·ra y Or·ba·ne·ja (prēʹmō dā rĭ vĕrʹə ēôr bə nāʹhä, thĕ rē vĕʹrä ēôr vä nĕʹhä), Miguel. Marqués de Estella. 1870 1930. Spanish general and politician who seized power and ruled as dictator (1923 1930). His son José Antonio Primo de …   Universalium

  • Primo de Rivera y Orbañeja, Miguel — ► (1870 1930) Militar y político español, segundo marqués de Estella. Fue capitán general de Valencia, Madrid y Barcelona, y en esta última ciudad se sublevó el 13 de septiembre de 1923. Llamado por el rey Alfonso XIII constituyó un Directorio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Primo de Rivera y Orbañeja — Primo de Rivera y Orbañeja, Miguel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rivera y Orbaneja,Miguel Primo de — Rivera y Or·ba·ne·ja (ēôr bä nĕʹhä, ôr vä ), Miguel Primo de. See Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, Miguel. * * * …   Universalium

  • Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja — Miguel Primo de Rivera Pour les articles homonymes, voir Primo de Rivera. Miguel Primo de Rivera …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja — Miguel Primo de Rivera Pour les articles homonymes, voir Primo de Rivera. Miguel Primo de Rivera …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja — Prịmo de Rivera y Orbaneja   [ ȓe rri βera i ɔrβa nɛxa], Miguel, Marqués de Estella [ȓe es teʎa], spanischer General und Politiker, * Jerez de la Frontera 8. 1. 1870, ✝ Paris 16. 3. 1930, Vater von J. A. Primo de Rivera y Saenz de Heredia; 1922… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja — biographical name Miguel 1870 1930 Marqués de Estella Spanish general & politician …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Fernando Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Primo de Rivera. Fernando Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja (Jerez de la Frontera, 1879 – Monte Arruit, Marruecos,1921) fue un militar español, hermano del Dictador Miguel Primo de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fernando Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fernando Primo de Rivera et Primo de Rivera. Fernando Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, né à Jerez de la Frontera en 1879 et mort à Monte Arruit (Maroc) en 1921, est un militaire espagnol, frère du dictateur Miguel… …   Wikipédia en Français


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