Artigas, José Gervasio
(1794-1850)
   A rebel leader who emerged as the most successful military commander in Uruguay after 1810. Artigas was part of the landowning elite in a territory claimed by both Spanish and Portuguese colonial authorities. He gained experience in the Blandegues, a militia cavalry that countered Native American raids and smugglers. He initially sided with the independence movement launched in Buenos Aires, but by 1811, he pushed Montevideo and Uruguay in a more radical direction. Promising independence, democracy, and land distribution to the poor of all races, Artigas built a large popular base. His initial victories helped caudillos, local military leaders, gain control of neighboring provinces. Isolation and a large-scale invasion of Portuguese troops from Brazil in 1816 led to a series of defeats. Fleeing north, he continued to fight as his troops dwindled in number. A final defeat at the Battle of Avalos forced him into exile in Paraguay.
   FURTHER READING:
    Steet, John. Artigas and the Emancipation of Uruguay. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959.
   DANIEL K. LEWIS

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artigas, José Gervasio — born June 19, 1764, probably Montevideo [Uru.] died Sept. 23, 1850, Ibiray, near Asunción, Para. Soldier and revolutionary leader regarded as the father of Uruguayan independence. In his youth Artigas was a gaucho in what is now Uruguay. Allied… …   Universalium

  • Artigas, José Gervasio — ► (1764 1850) General montevideano, padre de la nacionalidad uruguaya. Luchó a favor de la independencia. Murió exiliado en Paraguay. * * * (19 jun. 1764, Montevideo, Uruguay–23 sep. 1850, Ibiray, cerca de Asunción, Paraguay). Soldado y líder… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jose Gervasio Artigas — José Gervasio Artigas José Gervasio Artigas (né à Montevideo, Uruguay, le 19 juin 1764 mort à Ibiray, Paraguay, le 23 septembre 1850) fut un militaire des Provinces Unies du Río de la Plata qui participa à la guerre d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José Gervasio Artigas — Para otros usos de este término, véase Artigas. José Gervasio Artigas Arnal Jefe de los Orientales …   Wikipedia Español

  • José Gervasio Artigas — (* 19. Juni 1764 in Montevideo; † 23. September 1850 in Ibiray bei Asunción (Paraguay)) war ein uruguayischer General, Freiheitskämpfer und Politiker. Er ist in Uruguay ein Nationalheld und wird auch als „Vater der Unabhängigkeit Uruguays“… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Gervasio Artigas — Surnom Chef des Orientaux (Jefe de los Orientales) Naissance 19 juin 1764 Montevideo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José Gervasio Artigas — Aznar (June 19 1764 September 23 1850) was a national hero of Uruguay and is sometimes called the father of Uruguayan independence . His LifeBorn in Montevideo to a wealthy family, at the age of twelve moved to the countryside and devoted himself …   Wikipedia

  • José Gervasio Artigas — (Montevideo, 19 de junio de 1764 Ibiray, Paraguay, 23 de septiembre de 1850) máximo prócer uruguayo y uno de los primeros próceres argentinos al promover el federalismo en la Provincia Oriental y las de Córdoba, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jose Artigas — José Gervasio Artigas (* 19. Juni 1764 in Montevideo; † 23. September 1850 in Ibiray bei Asuncion (Paraguay) war ein uruguayischer General, Freiheitskämpfer und Politiker. Er ist in Uruguay ein Nationalheld und wird auch als „Vater der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Artigas — José Gervasio Artigas José Gervasio Artigas (né à Montevideo, Uruguay, le 19 juin 1764 mort à Ibiray, Paraguay, le 23 septembre 1850) fut un militaire des Provinces Unies du Río de la Plata qui participa à la guerre d… …   Wikipédia en Français

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