Port Arthur


Port Arthur
   Port Arthur is the former name of the port city of Lüshun at the tip of China’s Liaodong Peninsula in Liaoning Province, approximately 30 kilometers south of the city of Dalian. Port Arthur takes its name from Royal Navy Lieutenant William C. Arthur, who briefly occupied the harbor in 1858. Port Arthur’s natural harbor and strategic position, commanding the northern Yellow and Bohai Seas, resulted in its fortification in the 1880s by Qing China and its choice as headquarters for the developing Beiyang Fleet. The port played a major role in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 when it was captured by Japanese troops after a short siege. On the strength of its peace settlement with China in 1895, Japan briefly occupied the city along with the Liaodong Peninsula yet was forced to withdraw in response to the Triple Intervention of Russia, France, and Germany.
   In 1898, Russia occupied Port Arthur as part of its lease of railroad rights in Manchuria. It soon extended a spur of the Trans-Siberian Railway to the port, increasing the location’s strategic and commercial value. During the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905, the port was again occupied by Japan after a prolonged siege and, with the defeat of Russia, became the headquarters of the Japanese Guandong (Kwantung) Leased Territories, taking on a major role in Japan’s occupation and development of Manchuria.
   See also <>; <>; <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Matsusaka, Yoshihisa Tak. The Making of Japanese Manchuria, 1904–1932. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2001;
    Stephen, John J. The Russian Far East. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1994.
   DANIEL C. KANE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Port Arthur — may refer to: * Port Arthur, Tasmania (Australia), the site of a historic convict settlement * Port Arthur, Texas a city in the (United States) * Port Arthur, Ontario (Canada), a former city, now a part of Thunder Bay * Port Arthur (electoral… …   Wikipedia

  • Port Arthur — bezeichnet: ehemalige koloniale Bezeichnung des Stadtbezirks Lüshunkou der chinesischen Hafenstadt Dalian Port Arthur (Ontario), Stadt in Ontario, Kanada Port Arthur (Tasmanien), ehemalige Sträflingskolonie in Tasmanien, Australien Port Arthur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Port Arthur — Port Arthur, 1) Stadt im Distrikt Algoma der kanad. Provinz Ontario, an der kanadischen Pacificbahn und an der Thunderbai des Obern Sees, mit Dampferverbindung nach Milwaukee, Chicago u. a., Docks, Handel in Holz, Erz und (1901) 3214 Einw. 2)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port Arthur — Port Arthur, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 57755 Housing Units (2000): 24713 Land area (2000): 82.919246 sq. miles (214.759853 sq. km) Water area (2000): 60.838788 sq. miles (157.571731 sq. km) Total area (2000): 143.758034 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Port Arthur, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 57755 Housing Units (2000): 24713 Land area (2000): 82.919246 sq. miles (214.759853 sq. km) Water area (2000): 60.838788 sq. miles (157.571731 sq. km) Total area (2000): 143.758034 sq. miles (372.331584 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Port Arthur — Port Arthur, fue un puerto ruso, en el territorio de la República Popular China y que actualmente se conoce como Lüshunkou. EL lugar es celebre por haber sido escenario de la Batalla de Port Arthur en el marco de la guerra ruso japonesa. * * * ►… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Port Arthur — 1. former name for LÜSHUN 2. [after Arthur Stilwell, local philanthropist] seaport in SE Tex., on Sabine Lake: pop. 58,000 3. see THUNDER BAY …   English World dictionary

  • Port-Arthur — (auj. Lüshun, en jap. Ryûjun) port de Chine (Liaoning), au sud de l anc. Mandchourie; 150 000 hab. env. Cédé aux Russes en 1898 (territoire à bail), il fut pris par les Japonais en 1905 après un siège célèbre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Port Arthur — (chines. Lu sun kau, japan. Riodschunko), Stadt und Kriegshafen an der Südspitze des Pachtgebiets Kwan tung [Karte: Ostasien I, 1], eisfrei, Endpunkt der Mandschurischen Eisenbahn. Der Hafen wurde um 1880 von den Chinesen angelegt, 1894 von den… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port Arthur —   [pɔːt ɑːθə],    1) ehemalige selbstständige Stadt in Kanada, seit 1970 Teil von Thunder Bay.    2) Stadt in Texas, USA, 58 600 Einwohner; bedeutender Tiefwasserhafen am Golfküstenkanal (Intracoastal Waterway); Erdölraffinerien, petrochemische… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.