Armed Neutrality, League of
   An essentially anti-British and Russian-instigated alliance of Russia, Denmark, Sweden, and, at one point, Prussia, designed to protect the members’ shipping against British search and seizure. The league was initially formed during the American War of Independence to protect neutral shipping against the predations of the Royal Navy. In 1801, Britain went to war with a resurrected league during the Napoleonic Wars, and on April 2 of that year it attacked Copenhagen, successfully destroying the Danish fleet. The British victory at Copenhagen led the Danes to accept an armistice. The assassination of Tsar Paul of Russia, whose anti-British animus had been behind the league, led to an Anglo-Russian peace being signed in July 1801, with the other league powers following by the end of the year. The league did little to secure neutral rights, as was demonstrated a decade later by the Anglo-American War of 1812, fought over many similar issues.
   See also <>; <>.
    Feldbæk, Ole. Denmark and the Armed Neutrality, 1800-1801. Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, 1980.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • League of Armed Neutrality — refers to one of two alliances of minor European naval powers (1780 1783 and 1800 1801), both intended to protect neutral shipping against the British Royal Navy s wartime policy of unlimited search of neutral shipping for French contraband.… …   Wikipedia

  • League of Nations — (English) Société des Nations (French) Sociedad de Naciones (Spanish) International organization …   Wikipedia

  • Armed neutrality — Armed neutrality, in international politics, is the posture of a state or group of states which makes no alliance with either side in a war, but asserts that it will defend itself against resulting incursions from all parties.The phrase armed… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Denmark — This article is part of a series on Scandinavia Geography Mountains Peninsula Viking Age Old Norse Viking Thing (assembl …   Wikipedia

  • Copenhagen, First Battle of — (1801)    An early naval engagement of the Napoleonic Wars. Great Britain claimed the right to search neutral ships for what she considered inappropriate goods and even to confiscate them. This led Russian Tsar Paul I to get Denmark, Prussia,… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Swedish neutrality — refers to Sweden s policy of neutrality in armed conflicts, which has been in effect since the early 19th century. The policy originated largely as a result of Sweden s involvement in the Napoleonic Wars during which over a third of the country s …   Wikipedia

  • International Committee of the Red Cross — ICRC redirects here. For other uses, see ICRC (disambiguation). The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a private humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland. The community of states has given the ICRC a unique role,… …   Wikipedia

  • Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008 — This article compares the presidential candidates in the United States 2008 presidential election. It does not cover previous elections. Because of ballot access restrictions in the United States, not all candidates appeared on the ballots in all …   Wikipedia

  • Political positions of John McCain — U.S. Senator John McCain (R AZ), a member of the U.S. Congress since 1983, a two time U.S. presidential candidate, and the nominee of the Republican Party in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, has taken positions on many political issues… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Netherlands — This article is part of a series Early History …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”