Ney, Michel


Ney, Michel
(1769–1815)
   A famous Napoleonic marshal and Napoleon Bonaparte ’s most loyal subordinate.
   Ney reached the rank of brigadier general in 1796 and commanded a division three years later. He distinguished himself in the Low Countries, on the Rhine, and in Switzerland during the Revolutionary Wars. Napoleon appointed him a marshal in 1804. During the campaign of 1805, Ney performed brilliantly at Elchingen against the Austrians, and later at Eylau and Friedland against the Russians in 1807. He was not very successful in the Peninsular War, where his relations with Marshal Masséna were poor.
   He commanded III Corps during the invasion of Russia and distinguished himself during the retreat from Moscow. Leading the rearguard, Ney performed heroically and is believed to have been the last Frenchman to cross the border into Poland, having led the last remnants of the Grande Armée to safety. He fought in almost every battle thereafter in Germany and France, and joined Napoleon during the Hundred Days, but failed to achieve victory at Waterloo in his capacity as de facto battlefield commander, as the emperor remained well behind the front line. He was court-martialed and shot for treason by the restored Bourbons.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Atteridge, A. H. Marshal Ney: The Bravest of the Brave. Uxfield: Naval and Military Press, 2001;
    Chandler, David, ed. Napoleon ’ s Marshals. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2000;
    Delderfield, R. F. Napoleon ’ s Marshals. New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 2002;
    Horricks, R. Marshal Ney: The Romance and the Real. London: Archway, 1988;
    Macdonell, A. G. Napoleon and His Marshals. New York: Prion Books, 1996.
   GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ney,Michel — Ney (nā), Michel Duc d Elchingen and Prince de la Moskowa. 1769 1815. French marshal who commanded the rear guard in Napoleon I s retreat from Moscow (1812) and later deserted Louis XVIII to aid Napoleon at Waterloo (1815). * * * …   Universalium

  • Ney, Michel — (1769 1815) (duke of Elchingen, prince of the Muskowa)    marshal of France    Born in Sarrelouis, Michel Ney joined the army in 1788, became a captain during the revolution of 1789 (1794), and, two years later, after the capture of Mannheim, was …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • NEY, MICHEL —    peer and marshal of France, born at Sarrelouis, son of a cooper; entered the army as a private hussar in 1797; distinguished himself by his bravery in the wars of the Revolution and the Empire, and earned for himself from the army under… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ney, Michel, Duc D'elchingen, Prince De La Moskowa — ▪ French duke Introduction born Jan. 10, 1769, Sarrelouis, Fr. died Dec. 7, 1815, Paris  one of the best known of Napoleon s marshals (from 1804), who pledged his allegiance to the restored Bourbon monarchy when Napoleon abdicated in 1814. Upon… …   Universalium

  • Ney, Michel, duke d'Elchingen — born Jan. 10, 1769, Sarrelouis, France died Dec. 7, 1815, Paris French army officer, the best known of Napoleon s marshals. He distinguished himself in the French Revolutionary Wars and rose to general in 1799. A supporter of Napoleon, he was… …   Universalium

  • Ney, Michel, duque de Elchingen — (10 ene. 1769, Sarrelouis, Francia–7 dic. 1815, París). Oficial del ejército francés, el más conocido de los mariscales de Napoleón I. Se distinguió en las guerras revolucionarias francesas y ascendió a general en 1799. Partidario de Napoleón,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Michel Ney — Michel Ney, Marshal of France Nickname Le Rougeaud, le Brave des Braves …   Wikipedia

  • Michel Ney — [mi ʃɛl nɛ], Herzog von Elchingen, Fürst von der Moskwa (* 10. Januar 1769 in Saarlouis; † 7. Dezember 1815 in Paris) war Marschall von Frankreich. Napoléon nannte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michel-Louis-Félix Ney — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ney. Michel Louis Félix Ney, 2ème duc d Elchingen (1804 1854), était le deuxième fils du maréchal Ney. Il est élu député du Pas de Calais en 1846, et se rallie en 1849 à Louis Napoléon qui le fait général. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Michel Louis Felix Ney — Michel Louis Félix Ney Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ney. Michel Louis Félix Ney, 2ème duc d Elchingen (1804 1854), était le deuxième fils du maréchal Ney. Il est élu député du Pas de Calais en 1846, et se rallie en 1849 à Louis Napoléon qui… …   Wikipédia en Français


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