Nesselrode, Count Karl Robert
(1780–1862)
   A long-serving Russian diplomat and head of the Russian delegation at the Congress of Vienna, Count Nesselrode was thereafter a leading statesman of the Holy Alliance. Born in Lisbon, where his father served as Russian ambassador, Nesselrode had a background and education that was nonetheless German, qualities considered attractive in the Russian foreign service of the nineteenth century. Frustrated in his attempt at a navy career by chronic seasickness, he joined the army and then the diplomatic service under Tsar Alexander I and quickly proved a cool and reliable professional and assisted in the negotiations leading to the Treaty of Tilsit.
   After his role as an architect of the Holy Alliance, Nesselrode was a major influence in one capacity or another - between 1845 and 1856 he served as chancellor -for the next 40 years. Nesselrode was instinctively cautious and believed that Russian diplomacy ought to be also. He therefore opposed many of the ambitions of the Pan-Slavic movement in the Balkans, rejected imperial expansion in Asia, and favored conciliation rather confrontation with the Ottoman Empire, a policy that led to the Treaty of Inkiar Skelessi in 1833. Nesselrode also opposed the policy of Nicholas I in the Crimea but was unsuccessful in preventing the Crimean War. In 1856, it was on Nesselrode’s counsel that Alexander II accepted the terms of peace.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Goldfrank, David M. The Origins of the Crimean War. London: Longman, 1994;
    Ingle, Harold N. Nesselrode and the Russian Rapprochement with Britain, 1836–1844. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976;
    Royle, Trevor. Crimea: The Great Crimean War, 1854–1856. London: Palgrave, 2000.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Nesselrode, Karl (Robert Vasilyevich), Count — born Dec. 13, 1780, Lisbon, Port. died March 23, 1862, St. Petersburg, Russia Russian statesman. After serving in the Russian diplomatic service, he acted as minister of foreign affairs (1822–56) and as chancellor (1845–62). He sought to… …   Universalium

  • Karl Nesselrode — Count Nesselrode, as painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence in 1818. Baltic German Count Karl Robert Nesselrode, also known as Charles de Nesselrode, (Lisbon, Portugal, December 14, 1780 Saint Petersburg, March 23, 1862; ru. Карл Васильевич Нессельроде,… …   Wikipedia

  • Nesselrode — Family name File:Nesselrode Wappen.png Meaning ? Region of origin Bergisches Land and Berg Language(s) of origin German …   Wikipedia

  • Nesselrode — I Nes•sel•rode [[t]ˈnɛs əlˌroʊd[/t]] n. coo a rich mixture of preserved fruits, nuts, cream, etc., used in puddings, pies or ice cream • Etymology: 1835–45, said to have been invented by the chef of Count Nesselrode II Nes•sel•rode [[t]ˈnɛs… …   From formal English to slang

  • Nesselrode — /nes euhl rohd /, n. a mixture of preserved fruits, nuts, etc., used as a sauce or in pies, puddings, ice cream, or the like. [1835 45; said to have been invented by chef of NESSELRODE] /nes euhl rohd /, n. Count Karl Robert (Karl Vasilyevich),… …   Universalium

  • Nesselrode — /ˈnɛsəlroʊd/ (say nesuhlrohd) noun Count Karl Robert, 1780–1862, Russian diplomat and politician; signatory to the Treaty of Paris (1856), following the Crimean War …   Australian English dictionary

  • Nesselrode, Karl Vasilyevich, Count — ▪ Russian foreign minister (Graf),in full  Karl Robert Vasilyevich, Count Nesselrode   born Dec. 13 [Dec. 2, Old Style], 1780, Lisbon, Port. died March 23 [March 11], 1862, St. Petersburg, Russia       foreign minister of imperial Russia… …   Universalium

  • count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name …   Universalium

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Karl — /kahrl/, n. a male given name, form of Charles. * * * (as used in expressions) Karl Marx Stadt Abraham Karl Baedeker Karl Baer Karl Ernst knight von Barth Karl Benz Karl Friedrich Böhm Karl Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm Bruch Max Karl August Brugmann… …   Universalium

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