Narodna Odbrana
   Narodna Odbrana, the People’s Defense, was a Serbian nationalist organization founded in 1908 in reaction to the Austro-Hungarian annexation of the former Ottoman provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Initially intended to defend ethnic Serbians newly subjected to Austro-Hungarian rule by training and equipping volunteers for armed struggle, it was ordered by the Serb government to reduce tensions with Vienna and to limit itself to cultural activities. It was thereupon immediately replaced by a more militant and secret organization, the Black Hand. Narodna Odbrana was indirectly implicated in the assassination of Austro-Hungariam heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in June 1914, insofar as Black Hand agents operating in Sarajevo eluded detection by Austrian intelligence by using Narodna Odbrana as a cover for their activities. Narodna Odbrana therefore was cited explicitly in the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia of July 23, 1914 as an organization to be immediately Dissolved.
   See also <>; <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Albertini, Luigi. The Origins of the War of 1914. 3 vols. Translated by Isabella M. Massey. New York: Oxford University Press, 1952.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Narodna Odbrana — (Serbian Cyrillic: Народна обрана, literally, The People s Defense) was a Serbian nationalist group that was created around 1908 as a reaction to the Austria Hungarian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the time, it was concerned with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria — The Latin Bridge i …   Wikipedia

  • Black Hand — For other uses, see Black Hand (disambiguation). Unification or Death / Black Hand Black Hand seal Motto Unification or Death; Unity or Death; Death of Tyranny! Formation …   Wikipedia

  • July Ultimatum — The July Ultimatum was a Demarche issued by Austria Hungary to Serbia at 6 pm on July 23 1914. The July Ultimatum contained a list of demands and an annex describing the findings of the criminal investigation into the events of June 28 at… …   Wikipedia

  • Young Bosnia — Gavrilo Princip, assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria with the goal to unify the South Slavs Young Bosnia (Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian: Mlada Bosna or Млада Босна) was a revolutionary movement active before World War I, the members… …   Wikipedia

  • Julikrise — Chronologie 28. Juni: Attentat von Sarajevo auf Thronfolger Franz Ferdinand 5./6. Juli: „Mission Hoyos“ und der deutsche „Blankoscheck“ 20. bis 23. Juli: Besuch der französischen Regierung in St. Petersburg 23. Juli: Österreichisches Ultimatum an …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Attentat in Sarajevo — Attentat von Sarajevo: Franz Ferdinand von Österreich Este Sophie Chotek, Herzogin von Hohenberg (Briefmarke der k.u.k Militärpost, 1917) Das Attentat von Sarajevo, bei dem am 28. Juni 1914 der Thronfolger Österreich Ungarns, Erzherzog Franz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Attentat in Sarajewo — Attentat von Sarajevo: Franz Ferdinand von Österreich Este Sophie Chotek, Herzogin von Hohenberg (Briefmarke der k.u.k Militärpost, 1917) Das Attentat von Sarajevo, bei dem am 28. Juni 1914 der Thronfolger Österreich Ungarns, Erzherzog Franz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Attentat von Sarajevo — Das Attentat von Sarajevo geschah am 28. Juni 1914. Bei seinem angekündigten Besuch in Sarajevo wurde der Thronfolger Österreich Ungarns, Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand, von mehreren Mitgliedern einer bosnisch serbischen nationalistischen Bewegung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Attentat von Sarajewo — Attentat von Sarajevo: Franz Ferdinand von Österreich Este Sophie Chotek, Herzogin von Hohenberg (Briefmarke der k.u.k Militärpost, 1917) Das Attentat von Sarajevo, bei dem am 28. Juni 1914 der Thronfolger Österreich Ungarns, Erzherzog Franz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”