Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico


Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico
(1832–1867)
   The archduke of Austria and emperor of Mexico, Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria was born in Vienna in July 1832. The younger brother of Emperor Francis Joseph I, he became commander of the Austrian navy in 1854 and governor-general of the Lombardo-Venetian kingdom in 1857. In the war of 1859, the Habsburgs lost Lombardy to Piedmont-Sardinia, and Maximilian lost his post. Persuaded by the French Emperor Napoleon III (see Bonaparte, Louis Napoleon ) and Mexican conservatives who were scheming to topple President Benito Juárez, Maximilian accepted the offer of the Mexican throne in 1863.
   After his arrival in Mexico, Maximilian had to face massive armed resistance. In this civil war Maximilian depended on the financial and military support of Napoleon III. When the United States threatened to intervene in 1865, Napoleon III disengaged and left Maximilian with little chance of success. Nevertheless, Maximilian refused to flee the country and was arrested by Juaréz’ forces. He was executed by republican troops near Querétaro in June 1867.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Bérenger, Jean. A History of the Habsburg Empire, 1780–1918 . London: Longman, 1997;
    Bridge, Francis R. The Habsburg Monarchy Among the Great Powers, 1815–1918 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1990;
    Kann, Robert A. The Multinational Empire: Nationalism and National Reform in the Habsburg Monarchy, 1848–1918 . 2 vols. New York: Octagon Books, 1964;
    Taylor, A.J.P. The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809–1918 . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976
   GUENTHER KRONENBITTER

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maximilian I of Mexico — Maximilian I Emperor Don Maximiliano I (Maximilian I) around age 33, c.1865 Emperor of Mexico Reign 10 April 1864 – 19 …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor of Mexico — For the rulers of pre Colombian Aztec Empire, see List of Tenochtitlan rulers. Emperor of Mexico Former Monarchy Imperial …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian von Götzen-Itúrbide — Maximilian von Götzen Iturbide Pretender Born March 2, 1944 (1944 03 02) (age 67) Beszterc …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor — Maximilian II King of Bohemia Reign 20 September 1562 – 12 October 1576 Coronation 20 September 1562, Prague Predecess …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria — Maximilian III Archduke of Further Austria Reign 1612 1618 Predecessor Charles II Successor Ferdinand III …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian of Austria — may refer to the following members of the Habsburg dynasty: Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459 – 1519), who obtained the Burgundian lands by marriage Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1527 – 1576), king of Bohemia, king of Hungary and… …   Wikipedia

  • MEXICO — MEXICO, federal republic situated south of the United States of America with a population of 97,483,412 (2000) inhabitants and a Jewish community of about 40,000 (2000), most of whom live in Mexico City. Colonial Period The Jewish presence in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Maximilian — Maximilian1 [mak΄sə mil′yən] n. [blend of the L names Maximus & Aemilianus] a masculine name: dim. Max Maximilian2 [mak΄sə mil′yən] 1. (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph) 1832 67; archduke of Austria: emperor of Mexico (1864 67); executed 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Maximilian I — may refer to: Maximilian I of Mexico, reigned 1864–1867 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, reigned 1508–1519 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, reigned 1597–1651 Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, reigned 1795–1805 (Elector of Bavaria) and 1806–1825… …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian — m German and English: from the Latin name Maximilānus (a diminutive of Maximus; see MAXIM (SEE Maxim)). This was borne by a 3rd century saint numbered among the ‘Fourteen Holy Helpers’. Although already existing, the name was renalysed in the… …   First names dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.