Matabele Wars


Matabele Wars
(1893–1894, 1896–1897)
   Two short conflicts between indigenous African and British forces, initially caused by the migration of the Matabele people into Southern Rhodesia just as the British South Africa Company became an important presence there. Originally a branch of the Zulu, the Matabele people under Moselekatse refused to pay tribute to Shaka and were forced by punitive Zulu attacks against them to flee to the Orange Free State and Transvaal where they made raids on the Bantu, but in 1836, they suffered defeat at the hands of the Boers. Moselekatse then took the Matabele north of the Limpopo River and made raids against the local Mashona. In 1893, the British South Africa Company insisted that these raids be stopped and sent an expedition against the Matabele when the raids persisted. A force of 1,200 volunteers led by Leander Starr Jameson and armed with Maxim guns in-flicted terrifying defeats on the Matabele at Shangani River and Imbembese. By February 1894, most of the Matabele had surrendered. In March 1896, the Matabele revolted and inflicted heavy losses on isolated settlers and their families.
   Regular British troops were sent to put down the rising, which spread to include the Mashona. The Matabele finally laid down their arms in October 1897 in response to British military pressure and a conciliatory diplomatic approach by Cecil Rhodes who promised attention to the Matabele grievances. A much harsher line was adopted with the Mashona, and several of their religious leaders were executed.
   See also <>; <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Glass, Stafford. The Matabele War. Harlow: Longmans, 1968;
    Laing, D. Tyrie. The Matabele Rebellion, 1896. London: Dean & Son, 1897;
    Mason, Philip. The Birth of a Dilemma: The Conquest and Settlement of Rhodesia. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1982;
    Ranger, Terence. Revolt in Southern Rhodesia, 1896–97. London: Heinemann, 1967.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Second Matabele War — Part of the Matabele Wars Depiction of Burnham Armstrong after the assassination of Mlimo. Ndebele warriors in hot purs …   Wikipedia

  • First Matabele War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=First Matabele War partof=the Matabele Wars caption=Bulawayo native, ca 1890. date=November 1893 – Jan 1894 place=Matabeleland Mashonaland result=British victory; death of King Lobengula and the destruction of… …   Wikipedia

  • South African Wars (1879-1915) — Ethnic, political and social tensions among European colonial powers, indigenous Africa, and English and Dutch settlers led to open conflict in a series of wars and revolts between 1879 and 1915 that would have lasting repercussions on the entire …   Wikipedia

  • Mandingo Wars — v · …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick Russell Burnham — Infobox Military Person name= Frederick Russell Burnham lived= birth date|1861|5|11 – death date and age|1947|9|01|1861|5|11 placeofbirth= Tivoli, Minnesota (Sioux Indian territory; near Mankato, MN) placeofdeath= Santa Barbara, California,… …   Wikipedia

  • British South Africa Company Medal — Infobox Military Award name=British South Africa Company Medal caption= awarded by=British South Africa Company type=Medal eligibility=First Matabele War, Second Matabele War, and the Pioneer Column for=Service in the Matabele Wars campaign=… …   Wikipedia

  • British South Africa Company —    A venture controlled by Cecil Rhodes and chartered by Lord Salisbury ’ s Conservative government in 1889. Rhodes’ aim was to take control of a large expanse of African territory up to and including the area of the Zambezi, largely for mineral… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Zimbabwe — Republic of Zimbabwe …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of Zimbabwe — Military history of Africa portal The military history of Zimbabwe chronicles a vast time period and complex events from the daw …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell — Baden Powell redirects here. For other meanings, see Baden Powell (disambiguation). Stephe redirects here. It is not to be confused with Steph, Stephie, Stephy, or Stephen. Robert Baden Powell, 1st Baron Baden Powell …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.