Marmont, Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de


Marmont, Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de
(1774–1852)
   A marshal of the French Empire under Napoleon Bonaparte, Auguste Marmont was trained as an artillerist and served as Napoleon’s aide-de-camp during his Italian campaign, 1796–1797, and expedition to Egypt, 1798–99. He helped Napoleon seize power in the coup of Brumaire in 1799 and in the following year distinguished himself in command of the artillery at the Battle of Marengo. He served for five years as governor of Dalmatia, where he proved himself both effective and popular with the people. He replaced Marshal Masséna in command of an army in Spain in 1811, but was decisively defeated and severely wounded at the Battle of Salamanca the next year. He was transferred for service in Germany, where he fought the Allies as they pushed Napoleon’s forces back into France itself in 1814. Defeated at Laon, Marmont concluded a secret convention with the Allies and surrendered his corps, making continued French resistance impossible - a betrayal for which neither Napoleon nor the French people ever forgave him.
   FURTHER READING:
    Chandler, David, ed. Napoleon ’ s Marshals. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2000;
    Delderfield, R. F. Napoleon ’ s Marshals. New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 2002;
    Macdonell, A. G. Napoleon and His Marshals. New York: Prion Books, 1996.
   GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marmont, Auguste-Frédéric-Louis-Viesse de — (1774 1852)    marshal of France    Born in Châtillon sur Seine, Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont had been an attaché to Napoléon Bonaparte (see napoléon i) since the siege of Toulon (1793), was his aide de camp in italy, then accompanied …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Marmont, Auguste-Frédéric-Louis Viesse de, Duc De Raguse — ▪ French marshal born July 20, 1774, Châtillon sur Seine, Fr. died March 2, 1852, Venice       marshal of France whose distinguished military career ended when, as Napoleon s chief lieutenant in a battle under the walls of the city, he… …   Universalium

  • Auguste Frederic Louis Viesse de Marmont — Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marmont. Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse De Marmont — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marmont. Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Auguste-Frédéric-Louis Viesse de Marmont — Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont, Herzog von Ragusa (Dubrovnik), (* 20. Juli 1774 in Châtillon sur Seine; † 2. März 1852 in Venedig) war ein Marschall von Frankreich. Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont, Portrait von Jean Baptiste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marmont. Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont Surnom Marmont Ier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont — Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont, Herzog von Ragusa (Dubrovnik), (* 20. Juli 1774 in Châtillon sur Seine; † 2. März 1852 in Venedig) war ein Marschall von Frankreich. Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont, Portrait von Jean Baptiste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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