Maghreb


Maghreb
   Derived from al-Maghrib, the western half of North Africa, the Maghreb now includes the five countries north of the Sahara desert - Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Libya, and Mauritania, as well as the western Sahara. The Maghreb was the bastion of Berber civilization before Arab influences began to spread through the region. The Maghreb is also pervaded by black African culture, as well as European colonial influences.
   Although the entire Maghreb was colonized, the impact of French colonial rule varied. Although Mauritania did not experience any major changes brought about by colonialism, French colonial rule over Algeria was the most extensive. The French were unable to subdue anti-French movements in the vast land of Mauritania. In Algeria, however, the French managed to decimate the anticolonial religious and nationalist movements by the late 1840s. In contrast to limited French colonial involvement in Mauritania, Tunisia, and Morocco, many French citizens, known as pied-noirs lived in Algeria, relegating the native Algerians to an inferior status, and Algeria was integrated as part of metropolitan France.
   In 1881, the French established a protectorate in Tunisia to deflect other European ambitions in North Africa, especially Italian designs on Libya. Traditional ruling structures and institutions were therefore preserved in Tunisia. Morocco’s location at Africa’s gate to the Mediterranean and status as a target of French ambitions after 1904 made it the flashpoint of two Moroccan Crises. In 1912, Morocco was partitioned between Spain and France, although the latter gained control over most of the country in terms of territory and resources.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A History of the Maghrib. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.
   NURFADZILAH YAHAYA

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maghreb — Maghreb …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • MAGHREB — «Dans le cadre du renforcement des relations fraternelles entre les deux pays et de l’édification du Grand Maghreb arabe, en tant qu’étape fondamentale vers l’unité arabe intégrale...» Depuis l’indépendance des États c’est invariablement en ces… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Maghreb — (Maghrib, arab.), Sonnenuntergang (im Gegensatz zu Maschrik, Sonnenaufgang), Name des westl. Islam: Nordafrika (mit Ausschluß von Ägypten) und ehemals auch Spanien; Marokko ist »Al. M. al akßâ«, der äußerste Westen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maghreb — er en fælles betegnelse for de arabiske lande i Nordafrika. De indbefatter Marokko, Algeriet og Tunesien. Undertiden regnes Libyen eller Mauretanien også med …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Maghreb — Maghreb, Maghrib → Magreb …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Maghreb — [mu′grəb] NW Africa, chiefly Morocco, Algeria, & Tunisia: the Arabic name …   English World dictionary

  • Maghreb — Localisation du Grand Maghreb Le Maghreb (en arabe : المغرب al Maghrib, « le Couchant », en berbère ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵖⴰ Tamazgha) est la région d’Afrique du Nord comprise entre la mer Méditerranée, le Sahara, l’océan Atlantique et l Égypte.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maghreb — This article is about the region. For the Muslim prayer, see Maghrib. For other uses, see Maghrib (disambiguation). The Maghreb Union Countries The Maghreb (also Maghrib; Arabic مغرب) is the region …   Wikipedia

  • Maghreb — Maghrebländer; Maghrebstaaten * * * Ma|ghreb auch: Magh|reb 〈m.; ; unz.〉 die westliche (nordafrikanische) Region der arabischen Staaten (Marokko, Tunesien, Algerien) [arab., „Westen“] * * * Mạ|gh|reb, der; [s] [arab. maġrib = Westen; eigtl. =… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Maghreb — Die Staaten des Maghreb Unter Maghreb oder Maghrib (arabisch ‏المغرب‎ al maghrib, DMG al maġrib ‚der Westen‘, abgeleitet vom Verb …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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