Libya


Libya
   The North African Ottoman provinces of Tripoli and Cyrenaica together composed Libya, which became of predatory interest to Italy after the French occupation of Tunisia to the west in 1881 and the British occupation of Egypt to the east in 1882. As the economic potential of a territory that was mostly desert was limited and the opportunities for emigration there modest, Italian ambitions in Libya were in large part the product of nationalist zeal and the accurate perception that Ottoman hold on the provinces was too weak to withstand a determined challenge.
   With the Moroccan Crisis of 1911, Italy’s opportunity came to strike while avoiding the open objections of Britain or France. It therefore announced that its obligation to protect the Italian community in Tripoli required military intervention, and Libya became the centerpiece of the Italo-Turkish War. Although Italy formally acquired Libya from the Porte by the terms of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1912 - the name Libya had fallen into disuse and was revived by the Italians - Arab guerrilla resistance at one point required as many as 100,000 troops to suppress.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Beehler, W. H. The History of the Italian-Turkish War. Annapolis: Advertiser-Republican, 1913;
    Wesseling, H. L. The European Colonial Empires, 1815–1919. London: Pearson Education, 2004.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LIBYA — LIBYA, country in N. Africa, consisting of the regions of Tripolitania, Cyrenaica (see cyrene ), and Fezzan. Isolated finds of Jewish origin from pre Exilic Ereẓ Israel were discovered both in Cyrenaica and Tripolitania, but there is no reliable… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Libya TV — Allgemeine Informationen Empfang: Satellit, Internet Länder: weltweit Sendebeginn: 30. März 2011 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Libya — in der antiken Geographie zur Zeit Herodots Libya (lateinisch, griechisch Λιβύα oder Λιβύη Libye) ist eine Gestalt der griechischen Mythologie. Sie ist eine Tochter des Epaphos und der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Libya — prop. n. A country in Northern Africa, between Egypt and Tunisia, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It also borders on Algeria, Chad, Niger, and Sudan. It is an Arabic speaking country with over 97% of the population Sunni Moslem. The population… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Libya — (a. Geogr.), 1) der den Alten bekannte Theil Afrika s, u. zwar bei Ptolemäos getheilt in: L. exterior, welches die Länder Mauritanien, Numidien,[342] Provinz Africa, Syrtica, Cyrenaica, Marmarica, Ägypten u. Äthiopien begriff; u. L. interior, der …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Libya — LIBŶA, æ, Gr. Λιβύη, ης, (⇒ Tab. XVIII.) des Epaphus und der Memphis Tochter, mit welcher Neptun den Agenor und Belus zeugete. Von ihr hat der Welttheil, welcher jetzt Africa heißt, bey den Griechen den Namen Libya. Apollod. l. II. c. 1. §. 4.… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Libya — north African nation, an ancient name, attested in heiroglyphics from 2000 B.C.E., of unknown origin. In Greek use, sometimes meaning all of Africa. Related: Libyan …   Etymology dictionary

  • Libya — [lib′ē ə, lib′yə] 1. ancient Greek & Roman name of N Africa, west of Egypt 2. country in N Africa, on the Mediterranean: under Turkish domination since 16th cent.; occupied by Italy (1911 43); placed under British and French military rule, it… …   English World dictionary

  • Libya — /lib ee euh/, n. 1. Anc. Geog. the part of N Africa W of Egypt. 2. Italian, Libia. a republic in N Africa between Tunisia and Egypt: formerly a monarchy 1951 69. 5,648,359; 679,400 sq. mi. (1,759,646 sq. km). Cap.: Tripoli. * * * Libya… …   Universalium

  • Libya — Infobox Country native name = الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الاشتراكية العظمى Al Jamāhīriyyah al ʿArabiyyah al Lībiyyah aš Šaʿbiyyah al Ištirākiyyah al ʿUẓmā conventional long name = Great Socialist People s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya common… …   Wikipedia

  • Libya — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Libya <p></p> Background: <p></p> The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when… …   The World Factbook


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.