Lapse Doctrine


Lapse Doctrine
   A device used by the British East India Company, starting in the 1830s, for bringing the princely states of India under its control. The doctrine maintained that the company had the right to any states whose ruler died without a direct male heir to uphold succession. Such rulers had hitherto been succeeded by adopted sons, but the lapse doctrine forbade the practice except in special cases. During his service as governor-general, Lord Dalhousie used the doctrine to annex Jhansi, Nagpur, Punjab, Sambalpur, and Satara, thereby causing considerable anxiety, among even the most cooperative of Indian rulers, that no dynastic succession was secure. Among the other causes, the Indian Mutiny of 1857 was a product of lapse doctrine’s predatory attack on tradition, so that after the defeat of the rebellion the policy was formally renounced.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    James, Lawrence. Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India. New York: St. Martin’s, 1997.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lapse, doctrine of — ▪ rules of succession       in Indian history, formula devised by Lord Dalhousie (Dalhousie, James Andrew Broun Ramsay, Marquess and 10th Earl of), governor general of India (1848–56), to deal with questions of succession to Hindu Indian states.… …   Universalium

  • lapse — ► NOUN 1) a brief failure of concentration, memory, or judgement. 2) a decline from previously high standards. 3) an interval of time. 4) Law the termination of a right or privilege through disuse or failure to follow appropriate procedures. ►… …   English terms dictionary

  • Doctrine of Lapse — Als Doctrine of Lapse wird eine in Indien praktizierte Annexionspolitik bezeichnet, die durch Lord Dalhousie, 1847–56 Generalgouverneur von Britisch Indien, eingeführt wurde. Die Doctrine of Lapse bestimmte, dass jeder indische Fürstenstaat,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Doctrine of lapse — Princely states of India Salute state Chamber of Princes Doctrine of lapse Privy Purse Instrument of Accession Individual residencies Hyderabad Jammu Kashmir Travancore Sikkim Agencies …   Wikipedia

  • Lapse — Temps Pour les articles homonymes, voir Temps (homonymie). Chronos, dieu du temps de la mythologie grecque, par Ignaz Guenther …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lapse de temps — Temps Pour les articles homonymes, voir Temps (homonymie). Chronos, dieu du temps de la mythologie grecque, par Ignaz Guenther …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lapse — noun 1》 a brief failure of concentration, memory, or judgement.     ↘a decline from previously high standards. 2》 an interval of time. 3》 Law the termination of a right or privilege through disuse or failure to follow appropriate procedures. verb …   English new terms dictionary

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  • forgotten notice doctrine — A rule applicable where one taking a negotiable instrument contends that he did not have notice of an infirmity in the instrument at that time, although he had such notice at a prior time, the principle being that a lapse of memory or inadvertent …   Ballentine's law dictionary


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