Kiel
   Kiel is a city of northern Germany located on the eastern exit of the Kaiser‑Wilhelm-Kanal; it was a principal naval base of the German Empire. Formerly part of the duchy of Holstein, Kiel became part of Prussia as a result of the Seven Weeks’ War in 1866. Provided by nature with an excellent harbor, the small town on the Baltic was the ideal site for a maritime base. Already in 1865, the Prussian navy was moved from Danzig to Kiel and before long, shipbuilding developed into Kiel’s major industry. Later the city also became the base for the empire’s submarines, together with Wilhelmshaven. As a consequence, the city’s population increased 10-fold from 16,000 to 160,000 between 1855 and 1905. It rose by another 50 percent between 1905 and 1914, the high tide of the naval arms race.
   During the last days of World War I, Kiel witnessed a major mutiny by navy crews. The mutiny started after a number of stokers had been detained because of their refusal to put to sea. In a reaction to this, marines and sailors held meetings and demanded the release of the prisoners. On November 3, 1918, 3,000 demonstrators clashed violently with loyal troops and one day later a soldier’s council was formed and the Communist flag hoisted from the Kiel town hall. After Kaiser Wilhelm II’s abdication, however, the uprising soon collapsed.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Dähnhardt, Dirk. Revolution in Kiel: Der Übergang vom Kaiserreich zur Weimarer Republik 1918/19 . Neumünster: Wachholtz, 1978;
    Wenzel, Rüdiger. Bevölkerung, Wirtschaft und Politik im kaiserlichen Kiel zwischen 1870 und 1914 . Kiel: Gesellschaft für Kieler Stadtgeschichte, 1978.
   ULRICH SCHNAKENBERG

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Kiel — [ki:l], der; [e]s, e: vom Bug zum Heck verlaufender Teil des Schiffsrumpfes: der Kiel hatte den Grund berührt und Schaden genommen. Zus.: Bootskiel, Schiffskiel. * * * Kiel1 〈m. 1〉 harter Teil der Vogelfeder, früher als Schreibgerät (FederKiel,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kiel — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kiel — es la capital del estado Schleswig Holstein, cerca de Dinamarca. * * * Kiel, Tratado de Kiel, canal de ► C. del NE de Alemania, cap. del estado de Schleswig Holstein, en el golfo báltico homónimo; 241 200 h. Puerto naval militar. * * * Ciudad… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • KIEL — Capitale du Land de Schleswig Holstein, située sur la mer Baltique au débouché du canal de Kiel qui fait communiquer cette mer avec la mer du Nord, Kiel n’a pas retrouvé, avec 247 107 habitants (estimation de 1992), sa population d’avant guerre.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • KIEL — KIEL, city in schleswig holstein , Germany. In the 17th century, Jews went to Kiel for the annual fair (Kieler Umschlag). Permission to settle in the city was given in 1690 to the Sephardi Court Jew Jacob Musaphia, followed in 1728 by Samson… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kiel — Kiel, WI U.S. city in Wisconsin Population (2000): 3450 Housing Units (2000): 1498 Land area (2000): 2.406064 sq. miles (6.231678 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.050000 sq. miles (0.129499 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.456064 sq. miles (6.361177 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • kieł — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. kła, Mc. kle {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} u ssaków: wyróżniający się stożkowatym kształtem ząb, zwykle dłuższy, znajdujący się między zębami trzonowymi a siekaczami : {{/stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • kiel — kiel; kiel·ba·sa; …   English syllables

  • Kiel — [kēl] seaport in N Germany, on the Kiel Canal: capital of the state of Schleswig Holstein: pop. 249,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Kiel — Kiel, Berg in der Nähe des Dorfes Morgenröthe (s.d.); 2928 Fuß hoch …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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