Khiva Khanate


Khiva Khanate
   Also known historically as Khorezm or Khwarezm, an Islamic state in Central Eurasia, the Khiva Khanate was centered at the city of Khiva, in modern-day Uzbekistan. The khanate established its capital at Khiva as early as 1619 and was under Chinggisid rule for most of that time. In the early nineteenth century, the Inakids took power, removing the Chinggisid element. The new rulers delegated more power to city-dwellers, called Sarts. In 1717–1718, Peter the Great sent a delegation of approximately 300 men to Khiva, who were killed at the hands of the Khivan Khan Shirghazi. Russian imperial interest in the khanate increased during the middle of the nineteenth century. The Russians attacked Khiva following their earlier conquest of Bukhara (1868) and annexed the state as a protectorate in 1873. The khanate faced difficult struggles during the war of 1917–1920. In 1920, the Khivan khanate was ended and replaced by the People’s Soviet Republic of Khorezm.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Soucek, Svat. A History of Inner Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
   SCOTT C. BAILEY

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khiva — [kē′və] former khanate in central Asia …   English World dictionary

  • Khanate of Khiva — Infobox Former Country native name = Xiva Xonligi conventional long name = Khanate of Khiva common name = Khiva continent = Asia region = Central Asia country = Uzbekistan government type = Monarchy title leader = flag type = Flag of the Khanate… …   Wikipedia

  • Khiva — Infobox Settlement official name = Khiva native name = imagesize = 300px image caption = Walls of Itchan Kala image map caption = pushpin pushpin label position =bottom pushpin mapsize = 300 pushpin map caption =Location in Uzbekistan subdivision …   Wikipedia

  • Khiva — /kee veuh/; Russ. /khyi vah /, n. a former Asian khanate along the Amu Darya River, S of the Aral Sea: now divided between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. * * * ▪ Uzbekistan also spelled  Chiwa,  Chiva,  or  Jiva,    city, south central Uzbekistan.… …   Universalium

  • Khiva — geographical name 1. (or Khorezm) oasis Uzbekistan on the lower Amu Dar ya 2. (or Khwarazm) former khanate central Asia including Khiva oasis 3. town in the oasis, capital of the khanate population 41,300 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Khiva — /kee veuh/; Russ. /khyi vah /, n. a former Asian khanate along the Amu Darya River, S of the Aral Sea: now divided between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. * * * khiva var. kiva …   Useful english dictionary

  • KHIVA —    1) (500), a Turkestan province or khanate in Central Asia, S. of the Sea of Aral; is under Russian protection since 1873; a sandy desert with many oases, and in some parts well irrigated from the Oxus; it produces wheat, rice, cotton, and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Khiva — Khi•va [[t]ˈki və[/t]] n. geg why a former Asian khanate on the Amu Darya River, S of the Aral Sea: now divided between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan …   From formal English to slang

  • Khiva — /ˈkivə/ (say keevuh) noun a former Asian khanate along the Amu Darya River, south of the Aral Sea; now divided between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan …   Australian English dictionary

  • Uzbek khanate — ▪ historical state, Central Asia       any of the three states that ruled Transoxania, in present day Uzbekistan, before it came under Russian rule in the 19th century. The khanates of Bukhara and Khiva (Khwārezm) were established by two branches …   Universalium


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