Junker
   Derived from junger Herr, “young nobleman,” a junker was a member of the landed aristocracy of Prussia and other regions of northeastern Germany east of the Elbe River. Descended from feudal nobility, in some cases dating as far back as the eleventh century, nineteenth-century Junker families represented a primary buttress of support for the Hohenzollern dynasty and held leading positions in the civil service, the army and the navy of the Second Reich. As a social class, Junkers were affiliated with the German Conservative Party and increasingly associated with reactionary politics and Prussian militarism. In 1808, the Scharnhorst-Gneisenau reforms officially ended a Junker monopoly in the Prussian officer corps by opening it up to talent from other social classes, but Junker influence in the army in particular remained strong right up to 1914, and jealousy concerning Kaiser Wilhelm II ’s enthusiasm for naval power influenced the Junker attitude concerning what might be risked or salvaged by a European war in that fateful year.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Craig, Gordon A. The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640–1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Junker — (von mittelhochdeutsch Juncherre, ,junger Herr, Jungherr‘) steht für: Junker (Jkr.) oder Junkfrau (Jkfr.), ursprünglich ein Prädikat für Mitglieder des Hochadels ohne Ritterschlag, später auch allgemein die Söhne des Adels und junge Edelleute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • junker — [ juŋkɛr ] n. m. • 1863; mot all. pour Jungherr « jeune seigneur » → jonkheer ♦ Hobereau allemand. ● junker nom masculin (allemand Junker) En Allemagne, fils de propriétaires terriens nobles quand il prenait du service comme simple soldat.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Junker — «Junker» redirige aquí. Para la compañía aeronáutica alemana véase Junkers Se denomina Junker al miembro de la nobleza terrateniente de Prusia y del Este de Alemania que dominó Alemania a lo largo del siglo XIX y principios del siglo XX. Historia …   Wikipedia Español

  • junker — (n.) young German noble, 1550s, from Ger. Junker, from O.H.G. juncherro, lit. young lord, from junc young + herro lord. Pejorative sense of reactionary younger member of the Prussian aristocracy (1865) dates from Bismarck s domestic policy …   Etymology dictionary

  • junker — jùnker m DEFINICIJA pov. 1. plemić zemljoradnik (polufeudalac) u Prusiji 2. pitomac vojne časničke akademije u carskoj Rusiji ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Junker ← srvnjem. juncherre: mladi gospodin …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Junker — Jun ker, n. [G. Cf. {Yonker}.] A young German noble or squire; esp., a member of the aristocratic party in Prussia. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Junker — Junker, junge Edelleute, bes. Landedelleute; früher auch s.v.w. Offiziersaspirant, wofür jetzt im deutschen Heere Fahnen J. gebraucht wird; Junkerpartei, die reaktionäre Adelspartei; Junkertum, das Wesen derselben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Junker — fue una nobleza terrateniente que domino Alemania a lo largo del siglo XIX y principio del siglo XX …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Junker — er et slangudtryk for en narkoman …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Junker — Junker,der:⇨Großgrundbesitzer …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • Junker — Sm erw. obs. (15. Jh.), mhd. juncherre, junchērre, entsprechend nndl. jonk(he)er Stammwort. Zunächst der junge Herr und dann in Lautung und Bedeutung lexikalisiert. ✎ LM 5 (1991), 811. deutsch s. jung, s. Herr …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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