Jellicoe, John Rushworth


Jellicoe, John Rushworth
(1859–1935)
   British naval officer and commander of the Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland in 1916. Small in stature but academically brilliant, Jellicoe joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1872 and rapidly climbed the officer ranks. He served in the Egyptian expedition of 1882 and subsequently became chief of staff to John Fisher at the naval gunnery school, HMS Excellent. He remained close to Fisher throughout his career. He served with distinction in the Boxer Insurrection in 1900, being severely wounded in action. He played, under Fisher as First Sea Lord, a part in the development of the Dreadnought . Jellicoe was placed in command of the Grand Fleet in 1914, thanks to Fisher’s influence. The long-expected battle with the Germans arrived on May 31, 1916. After an initial clash of battle-cruiser squadrons in which British losses were significant, Jellicoe succeeded in engaging the main body of the German High Seas fleet in favorable circumstances, and inflicting significant damage. But when the Germans retreated, Jellicoe did not aggressively pursue, in part because of his fear of torpedoes, and therefore did not win the second Trafalgar that many had hoped for.
   The Royal Navy in the pre-World War I period has been accused of becoming a rigidly hierarchical and conservative organization far removed in spirit from the initiative and risk-taking of the age of Nelson. Jellicoe’s critics accuse him of exemplifying these faults, pointing to both his love of detail and his caution at Jutland. Characterized by Churchill as the only man who could lose the war in an afternoon, his caution was not unjustified. It is the case that the German fleet remained in harbor for the rest of the war, making Jutland a strategic victory even if it was not a tactical one.
   See also <>; <>; <> .
   FURTHER READING:
    Marder, A. J. From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: The Royal Navy in the Fisher Era. 5 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1961–1970;
    Massie, Robert K. Castles of Steel. New York: Random House, 2003;
    Patterson, A. T. Jellicoe: A Biography. London: Macmillan, 1969.
   MARK F. PROUDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jellicoe,John Rushworth — Jel·li·coe (jĕlʹĭ kō ), John Rushworth. First Earl Jellicoe. 1859 1935. British naval officer who commanded the fleet that fought the Germans at Jutland (1916). He later served as governor general of New Zealand (1920 1924). * * * …   Universalium

  • Jellicoe, John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1er conde — (5 dic. 1859, Southampton, Hampshire, Inglaterra–20 nov. 1935, Londres). Almirante británico. Ingresó a la Real Armada en 1872 y ascendió hasta convertirse en comandante de la flota durante la primera guerra mundial (1914–16). Obtuvo una victoria …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jellicoe, John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl, Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa, Viscount Brocas of Southampton — ▪ British admiral born December 5, 1859, Southampton, Hampshire, England died November 20, 1935, Kensington, London       British admiral of the fleet who commanded at the crucial Battle of Jutland (Jutland, Battle of) (May 31, 1916) during World …   Universalium

  • Jellicoe, John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl — born Dec. 5, 1859, Southampton, Hampshire, Eng. died Nov. 20, 1935, London British admiral. He entered the Royal Navy in 1872 and rose through the ranks to become commander of the fleet during World War I (1914–16). He won a crucial victory in… …   Universalium

  • Jellicoe, John Rushworth, Earl —  (1859–1935) British admiral …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • John Jellicoe — John Rushworth Jellicoe GCB, OM, GCVO (5 décembre 1859, Southampton – 20 novembre 1935), 1er vicomte Jellicoe et 1er comte Jellicoe, fut un célèbr …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe — Infobox Military Person name= Admiral of the Fleet The Earl Jellicoe lived= 5 December 1859 20 November 1935 placeofbirth=Southampton, Hampshire placeofdeath=London caption= Admiral of the Fleet Lord Jellicoe as a Captain nickname=… …   Wikipedia

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • John — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Acton (de Aldenham), John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, 1 barón Adams, John Adams, John (Coolidge) Adams, John Quincy Alden, John Altgeld, John Peter André, John Arden, John Ashbery,… …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.