Indian Mutiny


Indian Mutiny
(1857–1858)
   A serious attempt by rebellious Indian elements in the army of the British East India Company, supported in some areas by civilians, intended to expel the British from the subcontinent. There were a number of underlying causes, but the mutiny was sparked off by the issuing to sepoy troops the Minié rifle cartridge, greased with pork and beef fat, and offensive to Muslims and Hindus, respectively. The mutiny began at Meerut in May 1857 and quickly spread across northern and central India, leading to the general massacre of British troops and civilians. After the initial shock, the British marched to besiege Delhi, taken by the rebels, and to relieve Lucknow, which contained a small British military and civilian garrison. Sir Henry Havelock, with 2,500 troops, reached Lucknow on September 25, but was unable to relieve the city until Sir Colin Campbell arrived with reinforcements in November. The small British force before Delhi, despite constant rebel sorties and intense heat, managed to maintain a loose siege of the capital before successfully storming it in mid- September. All but sporadic fighting ended with General Rose’s victory at Gwalior in central India in June 1858. Harsh British repression and reprisal Followed.
   See also <>; <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    David, Saul. Th e Indian Mutiny, 1857. London, Viking, 2002;
    Harris, John. The Indian Mutiny. London: Wordsworth Editions, 2000;
    Ward, Andrew. Our Bones Are Scattered: The Cawnpore Massacre and the Indian Mutiny of 1857. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1996;
    Watson, Bruce. The Great Indian Mutiny. New York: Praeger, 1991.
   GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Indian Mutiny — noun discontent with British administration in India led to numerous mutinies in 1857 and 1858; the revolt was put down after several battles and sieges (notably the siege at Lucknow) • Syn: ↑Sepoy Mutiny • Regions: ↑India, ↑Republic of India,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Indian Mutiny. — See Sepoy Rebellion. * * * …   Universalium

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  • Indian Mutiny. — See Sepoy Rebellion …   Useful english dictionary

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  • List of Indian Mutiny Victoria Cross recipients — The Victoria Cross (VC) was awarded to 182 members of the British Armed Forces, British Indian Army and civilians under their command, during the Indian Mutiny (also known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857). The VC is a military decoration awarded… …   Wikipedia

  • (the) Indian Mutiny — the Indian Mutiny [the Indian Mutiny] a serious ↑revolt (1857–8) by the Indian army against British rule in India. It began in the north of India and in some places developed into a general protest. When it was defeated by the British, India was… …   Useful english dictionary


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