Hong Kong


Hong Kong
   A village at the mouth of the Pearl River on the southern coast of China until 1841, when it was seized by Britain during the First Opium War as a resettlement site for British merchants expelled from Guangzhou and Macao. In 1842, the British forced the Chinese to sign the Treaty of Nanking, which stipulated that Hong Kong would remain a British possession in perpetuity. The next year, Hong Kong was proclaimed a British crown colony. In 1860, the colony was expanded by the Convention of Peking and in 1898 reconfigured again to take in an area named the New Territories enclosing more than 360 square miles. It was then leased to Britain for 99 years.
   FURTHER READING:
    Endacott, G. B. Government and People in Hong Kong, 1841–1962. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1964.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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