Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty


Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty
(1890)
   Also known as the Anglo-German Heligoland Treaty, the agreement was an attempt to solve territorial disputes in Africa. Heligoland, an island in the North Sea north of the German port of Bremerhaven, was seized by the British in 1807, and kept during the post-1815 peace. In 1890, under the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty, Britain ceded Heligoland to Germany in exchange for German recognition of its protectorate of Zanzibar. Some lands in East Africa also changed hands, largely to Britain’s advantage. Lord Salisbury’s government calculated that Heligoland was in wartime indefensible and so of little practical use. Zanzibar was valued as a base for antislavery operations in Africa, as a naval base, and as an entrepôt for British trade in the region. German recognition reduced conflict over the German claims on the continent behind it, which became Tanganyika.
   On the other hand, Germany sought control over Heligoland as a guard for the western end of the Kiel Canal. The agreement represented an instance of cooperation between two increasingly adversarial powers, but the calculations behind it reinforced the perception that Britain and Germany were natural antagonists. The treaty has gone down in history as a small but initial step toward the collision of 1914.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Austen, Ralph A. Northwest Tanzania under German and British Rule: Colonial and Tribal Politics, 1889–1939. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1968;
    Pakenham, Thomas. The Scramble for Africa. New York: Random House, 1991.
   MARK F. PROUDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty — The Heligoland Zanzibar Treaty ( de. Helgoland Sansibar Vertrag) was an 1890 agreement between the United Kingdom and the German Empire hence also Anglo German Agreement of 1890 concerning mainly territorial interests in Africa.A common erroneous …   Wikipedia

  • Traité de Heligoland-Zanzibar — Traité Heligoland Zanzibar Cérémonie de transfert de souveraineté à Heligoland, 10 août 1890 Le traité Heligoland Zanzibar (en allemand Helgoland Sansibar Vertrag) du 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Traité de Heligoland–Zanzibar — Traité Heligoland Zanzibar Cérémonie de transfert de souveraineté à Heligoland, 10 août 1890 Le traité Heligoland Zanzibar (en allemand Helgoland Sansibar Vertrag) du 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Traité Heligoland-Zanzibar — Cérémonie de transfert de souveraineté à Heligoland, 10 août 1890. Le traité Heligoland Zanzibar (en allemand : Helgoland Sansibar Vertrag) du 1er& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zanzibar — For other uses, see Zanzibar (disambiguation). Zanzibar Flag …   Wikipedia

  • Heligoland — Infobox German Location German name = Helgoland image photo = Wappen = Helgoland Wappen.png lat deg = 54 |lat min = 10 |lat sec = 57 lon deg = 7 |lon min = 53 |lon sec = 07 Bundesland = Schleswig Holstein Kreis = Pinneberg Höhe = 61 Fläche = 4.2… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo–Zanzibar War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Anglo–Zanzibar War partof= caption=Sultan s harem after the bombardment date=9:02–9:40 am EAT (6:02–6:40 UTC), 27 August 1896#tag:ref|Several durations are given by sources, including 38,Harvnb|Hernon|2003|p=403 …   Wikipedia

  • Traité de Helgoland-Zanzibar — Traité Heligoland Zanzibar Cérémonie de transfert de souveraineté à Heligoland, 10 août 1890 Le traité Heligoland Zanzibar (en allemand Helgoland Sansibar Vertrag) du 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • History of Zanzibar — People have lived in Zanzibar for 20 000 years; history proper starts when the islands became a base for traders voyaging between Arabia, India, and Africa. Unguja offered a protected and defensible harbour, so although the archipelago had few… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Sultans of Zanzibar — The post of Sultan of Zanzibar was created on 19 October 1856, after the death of Sa id ibn Sultan, who had ruled Oman and Zanzibar as the Sultan of Oman since 1804. The Sultans of Zanzibar were of a cadet branch of the Al Bu Sa id Dynasty of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.