Haussmann, Baron Georges Eugène


Haussmann, Baron Georges Eugène
(1809–1891)
   A civic planner responsible for the radical rebuilding of the city of Paris. Born in Paris to a Protestant family from Alsace, Hausmann had a successful civil service career and was prefect for the department of the Seine from 1853 to 1870. He was appointed in 1853 by Napoleon III to modernize the French capital. The city was comprehensively transformed in a massive public works project under Hausmann’s direction. Broad and long tree-lines avenues and boulevards were cut through the tangled mass of narrow streets and old urban neighborhoods. The goals of the project were both functional and aesthetic. The city was to be more sanitary with vastly improved traffic flow and commercial accessibility. The broad avenues, meanwhile, made it impossible for insurrectionists to erect barricades as they had in 1848, while the system of converging avenues at étoiles and the proximity of both to the main railway stations made it possible for Adolfe Thiers to transport large numbers of troops from the provinces to any point in the capital and thus crush the Paris Commune in 1870. At the same time, the classicism of grand avenues such as the Avenue de la Grande Armée radiating out from the Arc de la Triomphe evoked Napoleonic might and gave Paris the look and feel of an imperial capital.
   FURTHER READING:
    Saalman, Howard. Haussmann: Paris Transformed. New York: G. Braziller, 1971.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Haussmann, Baron Georges Eugène — Hauss·mann (housʹmən, ōs mänʹ), Baron Georges Eugène. 1809 1891. French public official who planned and oversaw numerous municipal improvements to Paris during the tenure of Napoleon III. * * * …   Universalium

  • Georges-Eugène Haussmann — en 1865 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Eugene Haussmann — Georges Eugène Haussmann Georges Eugène Haussmann en 1865 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges-Eugène Haussmann — Georges Eugène Baron Haussmann (* 27. März 1809 in Paris; † 11. Januar 1891 ebenda) war Präfekt des französischen Départements Seine und Stadtplaner von Paris. Er gab Paris Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts ein modernes Stadtbild, das bis heute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges-Eugène Baron Haussmann — Georges Eugène Haussmann Georges Eugène Baron Haussmann (* 27. März 1809 in Paris; † 11. Januar 1891 ebenda) war französischer Präfekt von Paris und Stadtplaner. Er gab Paris Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts ein modernes Stadtbild, das bis heute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Eugène Haussmann — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hausmann. Georges Eugène Haussmann Portrait d Haussmann en 1865 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haussmann, Georges-Eugène, Baron — (1809 1891)    administrator, urban planner    Georges Eugène, Baron Haussmann, who extensively redesigned paris during the reign of napoléon III (1852 70), was born in that city and began his administrative career shortly after the revolution of …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Haussmann, Georges-Eugène, Baron — ▪ French civil servant born March 27, 1809, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 11, 1891, Paris  French administrator responsible for the transformation of Paris from its ancient character to the one that it still largely preserves. Though the aesthetic merits… …   Universalium

  • Haussmann, Georges-Eugène — later Baron Haussmann born March 27, 1809, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 11, 1891, Paris French administrator and city planner. He entered the French civil service in 1831 and became prefect of the Seine department (1853–70). He inaugurated a wide… …   Universalium

  • Haussmann, Georges-Eugène — post. barón Haussmann (27 mar. 1809, París, Francia–11 ene. 1891, París). Alcalde y urbanista francés. En 1831 comenzó en el servicio público francés y se convirtió en prefecto del departamento del Sena (1853–70). Inauguró un programa de amplio… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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