Guizot, François


Guizot, François
(1787–1874)
   French statesman and historian whose father was executed during the Reign of Terror in 1794. Guizot started a legal career in Paris in 1805, but from 1812 to 1830 he was a professor of modern history at the Sorbonne, where his intellectually formative publications included Sur l ’ histoire de France and Histoire de la revolution d ’ Angleterre. Guizot’s sympathy with moderate royalists drew him into politics after the July Revolution of 1830 as an advocate of a constitutional monarchy with limited suffrage and supporter of the July Monarchy of Louis Philippe. As minister of education, 1832–1837, he introduced a new system of primary instruction.
   Guizot served briefly as French ambassador to London, before becoming foreign minister and finally prime minister in 1847. Guizot was fond of British gradualism in political reform, but his conservatism led to the fall of his government and the abdication of Louis Philippe in the February Revolution of 1848. He devoted the rest of his life to writing.
   FURTHER READING:
    Brush, Elizabeth Parnham. Guizot in the Early Years of the Orleanist Monarchy. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1929.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Guizot, François — ▪ French politician and historian in full  François Pierre Guillaume Guizot  born October 4, 1787, Nîmes, France died October 12, 1874, Val Richer  French political figure and historian who, as leader of the conservative constitutional… …   Universalium

  • Guizot, François — (1787 1874)    statesman, historian    A leading political figure who dominated the French government in the period before the revolution of 1848, François Guizot was born in Nîmes and educated at Geneva and Paris, where he became a professor of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

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  • Guizot, François (-Pierre-Guillaume) — (4 oct. 1787, Nimes, Francia–12 oct. 1874, Val Richer). Personaje político e historiador francés. Estudió derecho, pero en 1812 devino profesor titular de historia de la Universidad de París. Emergió como líder de los monarquistas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guizot, François (-Pierre-Guillaume) — born Oct. 4, 1787, Nîmes, France died Oct. 12, 1874, Val Richer French political figure and historian. He studied law but became a professor of history at the University of Paris in 1812. He emerged as a leader of the conservative constitutional… …   Universalium

  • GUIZOT, FRANÇOIS PIERRE GUILLAUME —    a celebrated French historian and statesman, born at Nîmes; his boyhood was spent at Geneva, and in 1805 he came to Paris to study law, but he soon took to writing, and in his twenty fourth year had published several works and translated… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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