Alexander I, Tsar of Russia
(1777–1825)
   Alexander I was tsar of Russia from 1801 to 1825. After succeeding his father, Paul I, Alexander soon became alarmed at Napoleonic expansion and was instrumental in establishing the Third Coalition against France in 1805. When his forces were decisively defeated at Austerlitz, Alexander withdrew to Poland, where in the following year, in alliance with Prussia, he continued operations until the spring of 1807. After his army’s defeat at Friedland in 1807, he met Napoleon at Tilsit and came to an arrangement with the French emperor by which the tsar agreed to join the Continental System, so prohibiting all trade between Russia and Britain. Within a few years, however, Franco-Russian relations broke down. Realizing that his alliance with France was detrimental to Russia’s economy, angered by the failure of Napoleon to support Russia’s interests in Turkey and Sweden, and concerned about the proximity of Napoleon’s Polish satellite state, the Duchy of Warsaw, Alexander found himself again at war with France. Prodded by Napoleon’s disastrous invasion in 1812, Alexander played a key role in the ultimate defeat of France and the reestablishment of the balance of power in Europe through the political restructuring of the Continent agreed at the Congress of Vienna in 1815.
   See also <>; <>; <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Dziewanowski, M. K. Alexander I: Russia ’ s Mysterious Tsar. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1990;
    Hartley, Janet. Alexander I. London: Longman, 1994;
    Klimenko, Michael. Tsar Alexander I: Portrait of an Autocrat. Tenafly, NJ: Hermitage Publishers, 2002;
    Palmer, Alan. Alexander I: Tsar of War and Peace. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1974.
   GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander II, Tsar of Russia — (1818–1881)    Alexander II was tsar of Russia from 1855 to 1881, coming to the throne in the midst of Russia’s unsuccessful involvement in the Crimean War. Alexander occupied himself mostly with domestic affairs, and his reign became known as… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia — (1796–1855)    Tsar of Russia from 1825 to 1855. Unlike his elder brothers, whose education was largely overseen by their liberal grandmother, Catherine the Great, Nicholas’s education was guided by his mother and militaristic father, Paul I, who …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia — (1868–1918)    The last tsar of Russia, Nicholas II and his family were murdered by the Bolsheviks after the Russian Revolution of 1917. Born on May 6, 1868, Nicholas was the eldest son of Alexander III. He officially became heir to the throne in …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Alexander II of Russia — Alexander II Alexander II by Sergei Lvovich Levitsky 1870 (The Di Rocco Wieler Private Collection, Toronto, Canada) Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander III of Russia — Alexander III Photograph by Sergey Levitsky Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Reign 13 March 1881 – 1 November 1894 ( 100000 …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander I of Russia — Aleksandr I redirects here. It can also refer to Aleksandr I, Grand Prince of Tver. Alexander I Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Reign 24 March 1801 – 1 December 1825 (& …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander I — 1. Saint, pope A.D. 106? 115. 2. (Aleksandr Pavlovich) 1777 1825, czar of Russia 1801 25. 3. (Alexander Obrenovich or Aleksandar Obrenovic) 1876 1903, king of Serbia 1889 1903. 4. 1888 1934, king of Yugoslavia 1921 34 (son of Peter I of Serbia).… …   Universalium

  • Alexander I — /æləgˈzændə/ (say aluhg zanduh), / zan / (say zahn ) noun 1. (Russian, Aleksandr Pavlovich), 1777–1825, tsar of Russia 1801–25. 2. (Serbian, Aleksandar Obrenovic), 1876–1903, king of Serbia 1889–1903. 3. (son of Peter I of Serbia), 1888–1934,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Alexander I of Yugoslavia — The title Aleksandar of Yugoslavia also has other uses. Infobox Yugoslavian Royalty|majesty name = Alexander I title = King of Yugoslavia; prev. King of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes caption = King Aleksandar I reign = 16 August 1921 9 October 1934 …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander I — noun the czar of Russia whose plans to liberalize the government of Russia were unrealized because of the wars with Napoleon (1777 1825) • Syn: ↑Czar Alexander I, ↑Aleksandr Pavlovich • Regions: ↑Russia • Instance Hypernyms: ↑czar, ↑tsar, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”