Gibraltar


Gibraltar
   A tiny peninsula on the eastern coast of the Bay of Algeciras at the exit of the Mediterranean Sea into the Atlantic Ocean and a British crown colony after 1830. A British fleet first seized Gibraltar in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession, and it was formally ceded to Britain by Spain in the Treaty of Utrecht ending the war in 1713. Although Spain laid siege to Gibraltar during the American Revolution, British sovereignty was confirmed by the Treaty of Versailles in 1783. Owing to its position at the gateway between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, Gibraltar acquired enormous strategic value to the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars and thereafter in policing the oceanic waterways of the British Empire. John Fisher, First Sea Lord from 1904 to 1910, referred to Gibraltar as one of the “five strategic keys” of British world dominion, the others being Alexandria and Suez, Singapore, the Cape of Good Hope, and the Straits of Dover.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Herman, Arthur. To Rule the Waves. New York: Harper Collins, 2004;
    Morriss, Roger. The Royal Dockyards during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Leicester: University of Leicester Press, 1983.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gibraltar — Gibraltar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GIBRALTAR — Le territoire de Gibraltar, d’une superficie de 6 kilomètres carrés, se compose d’un haut rocher calcaire (425 m) rattaché au continent par une étroite plaine sablonneuse qui ferme la partie orientale de la baie d’Algésiras. À la jonction de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gibraltar — • A rugged promontory in the province of Andalusia, Spain, about 6 miles in circumference. Its almost perpendicular walls rise to a height of 1396 feet Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gibraltar     Gibraltar …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gibraltar — es Territorio de Ultramar del Reino Unido situada en el peñón que domina la orilla norte del estrecho que une el mar Mediterráneo y el Océano Atlántico, del que toman el nombre. En el sur de la Península Ibérica, el Peñón de Gibraltar (en inglés …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GIBRALTAR — GIBRALTAR, British crown colony, south of spain . Jews lived in Gibraltar in the 14th century, and in 1356 the community issued an appeal for assistance in the ransoming of Jews captured by pirates. In 1473, a number of Marranos fleeing from… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gibraltar — Gibraltar, Halbinsel an der Südküste Spaniens, die durch die tief eingreifende Bai von Algeciras (oder von G.) gebildet wird, ist ein aus Jurakalk auf der Grundlage silurischen Schiefers bestehender Felsen, der in nordsüdlicher Richtung 4,62 km… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gibraltar —    Gibraltar has been a British colony since 1704, but most residents are of italian, Portuguese, spanish, and Maltese descent and are predominantly Roman Catholic, despite early British attempts to suppress the church. The Church of England has… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Gibraltar — Gibraltar, MI U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 4264 Housing Units (2000): 1791 Land area (2000): 3.844530 sq. miles (9.957287 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.498067 sq. miles (1.289987 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.342597 sq. miles (11.247274 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gibraltar, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 4264 Housing Units (2000): 1791 Land area (2000): 3.844530 sq. miles (9.957287 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.498067 sq. miles (1.289987 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.342597 sq. miles (11.247274 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gibraltar — Gi*bral tar, n. 1. A strongly fortified town on the south coast of Spain, held by the British since 1704; hence, an impregnable stronghold. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. A kind of candy sweetmeat, or a piece of it; called, in full, {Gibraltar rock}.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gibraltar — Gibraltar, 1) britische Festung im spanischen Königreich Andalusien, an der gleichnamigen Meerenge, welche Europa von Afrika trennt, u. auf dem gleichnamigen Vorgebirge gelegen, dessen Name aus dem arabischen Gebel (Gibl ) al Tarik, d.i. Felsen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.