Alexander, King of Yugoslavia
(1888–1934)
   A member of the Karaddjordjevic family, Alexander was Prince Regent of Serbia and, after 1921, king of Yugoslavia. Alexander was the son of King Peter whose authority he largely replaced in June 1914 because of the king’s failing health. During World War I, Alexander served as Serbia’s nominal supreme commander, in which capacity he accompanied Serbian forces in their retreat through Albania in 1915. He became King of the United Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes after 1918 and of Yugoslavia after 1929, at which time he suspended the constitution and ruled as a dictator. On October 9, 1934, Alexander was assassinated by a Macedonian nationalist in Marseilles.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Jelavich, Barbara. Russias Balkan Entanglements, 1806-1914. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
   MARTIN MOLL

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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